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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
SCHEDULE 14A
Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934
Filed by the Registrant ☒
Filed by a Party other than the Registrant ☐
Check the appropriate box:
Preliminary Proxy Statement
Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))
Definitive Proxy Statement
Definitive Additional Materials
Soliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12

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Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.
 
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Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.
 
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NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
TO BE HELD AT 10:00 A.M. PACIFIC TIME ON WEDNESDAY, JUNE 10, 2020
Dear Stockholders of Harmonic Inc:
You are cordially invited to attend the 2020 annual meeting of stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of Harmonic Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), which will be held on Wednesday, June 10, 2020, at 10:00 a.m., Pacific Time. The Annual Meeting will be a virtual meeting held over the Internet. You will be able to attend the Annual Meeting, vote your shares electronically and submit your questions during the live webcast of the meeting by visiting www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/HLIT2020 and entering your 16-digit control number located on your proxy card. The meeting will address the following items of business:
 


By Telephone:



By Internet:



By Mail:



By Scanning:
1.
To elect seven (7) directors to serve until the earlier of the 2021 annual meeting of stockholders or until their successors are elected and qualified or until their earlier resignation or removal;
2.
To hold an advisory vote to approve named executive officer compensation;
3.
To approve an amendment to the 2002 Employee Stock Purchase Plan to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance thereunder by 1,000,000 shares;
4.
To approve an amendment to the 1995 Stock Plan to increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance thereunder by 4,000,000 shares;
5.
To ratify the appointment of Armanino LLP as the independent registered public accounting firm of the Company for its fiscal year ending December 31, 2020; and
6.
To transact such other matters as may properly come before the Annual Meeting or any adjournment, postponement or other delay thereof.
The foregoing items of business are more fully described in the Proxy Statement accompanying this notice. All stockholders of record at the close of business on Wednesday, April 15, 2020, are entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting and any adjournment or postponement thereof.
Unless you have previously requested to receive our proxy materials in paper form or by email, you will receive a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials. Stockholders who continue to receive paper copies of proxy materials may elect to receive future proxy materials via electronic delivery by enrolling at www.proxyvote.com.
By Order of the Board of Directors,

Timothy C. Chu
Corporate Secretary
San Jose, California
April 30, 2020
YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT. Whether or not you plan to attend the virtual meeting we urge you to submit your vote via the Internet, telephone or mail as soon as possible to ensure your shares are represented. Please refer to your proxy card for additional instructions on voting via the Internet or by telephone. Even if you have voted by proxy, you may still vote in person by attending the virtual meeting.

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GENERAL INFORMATION
Harmonic Inc.
PROXY STATEMENT
2020 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS
To Be Held at 10:00 A.M. Pacific Time on Wednesday, June 10, 2020
This proxy statement and the enclosed form of proxy card are furnished in connection with the solicitation of proxies by and on behalf of the Board of Directors (the “Board of Directors” or the “Board”) of Harmonic Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Harmonic,” “we” or the “Company”), for use at the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and any adjournment(s), postponement(s) or other delays thereof (the “Annual Meeting”) to be held virtually on Wednesday, June 10, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. Pacific Time, for the purposes set forth herein and in the accompanying Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders. You will be able to attend the Annual Meeting, vote your shares electronically and submit your questions during the live webcast of the meeting by visiting www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/HLIT2020 and entering your 16-digit control number located on your proxy card.
Internet Availability of Proxy Materials
Under rules adopted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), we are furnishing proxy materials to our stockholders primarily via the Internet, instead of mailing printed copies of those materials to each stockholder. On or about April 30, 2020, we expect to send to our stockholders (other than those who previously requested electronic or paper delivery) a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the “E-Proxy Notice”) containing instructions on how to access our proxy materials, including our proxy statement (the “Proxy Statement”) and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Annual Report”). The E-Proxy Notice also instructs you on how to access your proxy card to vote through the Internet or by telephone.
Who Can Vote at the Annual Meeting
Stockholders as of the close of business on April 15, 2020 (the “Record Date”) are entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting. As of the Record Date, 96,578,662 shares of the Company’s common stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “Common Stock”), were issued and outstanding.
Stockholder of Record – Shares Registered in Your Name. If, on April 15, 2020, your shares were registered directly in your name with our transfer agent, Computershare Investor Services, then you are considered the stockholder of record with respect to those shares. As a stockholder of record, you may vote at the Annual Meeting or vote by proxy. Whether or not you plan to attend the virtual Annual Meeting, we urge you to vote over the Internet or by telephone, or if you received paper proxy materials by mail, by filling out and returning the proxy card in the enclosed postage-paid envelope.
Beneficial Owner – Shares Registered in the Name of a Broker or Nominee. If, on April 15, 2020, your shares were held in an account with a brokerage firm, bank or other nominee, then you are the beneficial owner of the shares held in street name. As a beneficial owner, you have the right to direct your nominee on how to vote the shares held in your account, and it has enclosed or provided voting instructions for you to use in directing it on how to vote your shares. However, the organization that holds your shares is considered the stockholder of record for purposes of voting at the Annual Meeting. Because you are not the stockholder of record, you may not vote your shares at the Annual Meeting unless you request and obtain a valid proxy from the organization that holds your shares giving you the right to vote the shares at the Annual Meeting.
How to Vote
If you are a stockholder of record you may vote by proxy or electronically at the Annual Meeting. To vote by proxy, you may vote via the Internet or by telephone by following the instructions provided on the E-Proxy Notice or proxy card, or if you received a paper proxy card and voting instructions by mail, you should sign, date and return the enclosed proxy card in the enclosed postage-paid envelope before the Annual Meeting.
If you are a beneficial owner and not the stockholder of record, please refer to the voting instructions provided by your nominee to direct it on how to vote your shares.

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Revocability of Proxies
Any proxy may be revoked by the person giving it at any time before its use at the Annual Meeting by delivering to the Secretary of the Company, at the Company’s principal offices at 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134, a written notice of revocation or a signed proxy bearing a later date, or by voting on a later date by telephone or via the Internet. If you attend the virtual Annual Meeting and vote electronically, any previously submitted proxy will be revoked.
Please note, however, that if you are a beneficial owner and you wish to change or revoke your proxy, you may change your vote by submitting new voting instructions to your broker, bank or other nominee in accordance with their operating procedures or, if you have obtained a legal proxy from your broker, bank or other nominee giving you the right to vote your shares at the Annual Meeting, by attending the virtual Annual Meeting and voting electronically.
Quorum
Each stockholder is entitled to one vote for each share of Common Stock held as of the Record Date on all matters presented at the Annual Meeting. Stockholders do not have the right to cumulate their votes in the election of directors.
The holders of a majority in voting power of the Common Stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting, present in person or represented by proxy, constitutes a quorum for action at the Annual Meeting. Shares that reflect abstentions and broker non-votes count as present at the Annual Meeting for the purposes of determining a quorum.
Voting Requirements
Proposal 1 – Majority vote for a Director's election. The Company’s Corporate Governance Guidelines provide that, in the case of an uncontested election (i.e., an election where the number of director nominees is not greater than the number of directors to be elected), a nominee shall be elected by the affirmative vote of the majority of the votes cast by holders of shares present in person or represented by proxy at a meeting for the election of directors at which a quorum is present. For this purpose, the “affirmative vote of the majority of the votes cast” means the number of shares voted “FOR” a director’s election exceeds the number of shares “WITHHELD” with respect to that director’s election. In a contested election (i.e., an election where the number of nominees is greater than the number of directors to be elected), a nominee shall be elected by a plurality of the votes cast.
Proposals 2, 3, 4 and 5 – Majority vote. The advisory vote on named executive officer compensation (Proposal 2 in this Proxy Statement), the amendment to the Company’s 2002 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (Proposal 3 in this Proxy Statement), the amendment to the Company’s 1995 Stock Plan (Proposal 4 in this Proxy Statement), and the ratification of the appointment of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm (Proposal 5 in this Proxy Statement) each require the favorable vote of the holders of a majority of the Common Stock having voting power present in person or represented by proxy and entitled to vote on the proposal.
Treatment of abstentions and broker non-votes. In the election of directors (Proposal 1 in this Proxy Statement), abstentions and broker non-votes will be disregarded and have no effect on the outcome of the vote. With respect to Proposals 2, 3, 4 and 5 in this Proxy Statement, abstentions will have the same effect as voting against the proposal and broker non-votes, if any, will be disregarded and have no effect on the outcome of the vote.
Meaning of "broker non-votes." If you hold shares beneficially in street name (that is, in an account at a bank or broker) and do not provide your bank or broker with voting instructions, your shares may constitute “broker non-votes.” Broker non-votes occur on a matter when a bank or broker is not permitted to vote on that matter without instructions from the beneficial owner and instructions are not given. These matters are referred to as “non-routine” matters. All of the matters scheduled to be voted on at the Annual Meeting are “non-routine,” except for the ratification of the appointment of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm (Proposal 5 in this Proxy Statement).
Solicitation of Proxies
The Company will bear the cost of soliciting proxies, including the preparation, assembly, Internet hosting, printing and mailing of the E-Proxy Notice, this Proxy Statement, the proxy card and any other proxy materials furnished to stockholders by the Company in connection with the Annual Meeting. In addition, the Company may reimburse brokerage firms and other persons representing beneficial owners of shares for their expenses in forwarding the proxy materials to such beneficial owners. Solicitation of proxies by mail may be supplemented by telephone, facsimile, email, Internet or personal solicitation by directors, officers, employees or independent contractors of the Company. Other than for any such independent contractors, no additional compensation will be paid to such persons for such services.
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If You Receive More Than One Proxy Card or E-Proxy Notice
If you receive more than one proxy card or E-Proxy Notice, your shares are registered in more than one name or are registered in different accounts. To make certain all of your shares are voted, please follow the instructions included on the E-Proxy Notice on how to access each proxy card and vote each proxy card over the Internet or by telephone. If you received paper proxy materials by mail, please complete, sign and return each proxy card to ensure that all of your shares are voted.
Stockholder Proposal Procedures and Deadlines
Proposals of stockholders of the Company that are intended to be presented by such stockholders at the Company’s 2021 annual meeting of stockholders and that stockholders desire to have included in the Company’s proxy materials relating to such meeting pursuant to Rule 14a-8 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), must be received by Harmonic at its principal offices at 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134, Attention: Corporate Secretary, no later than December 29, 2020. As previously reported, we expect to move into our new headquarters later this year, at which point the address of our principal offices will change. When we change the address of our principal offices, we will begin using that address in our current reports on Form 8-K and quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and any mailings to the Company should from then be sent to the new address. Any such proposals of stockholders must be in compliance with applicable laws and regulations in order to be considered for possible inclusion in the Company’s proxy materials for that meeting.
Proposals of stockholders of the Company that are intended to be presented by such stockholders at the Company’s 2021 annual meeting of stockholders and that such stockholders do not desire to have included in the Company’s proxy materials for that meeting must be received in writing by Harmonic at its principal offices at 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134, Attention: Corporate Secretary, no earlier than March 12, 2021 and no later than April 11, 2021.
However, if the date of our 2021 annual meeting occurs more than 30 days before or after June 10, 2021, then notice of a stockholder proposal that is not intended for inclusion in our proxy statement under Rule 14a-8 must be received by the Company no later than the close of business on the later of (i) 90 days prior to next year’s annual meeting and (ii) 10 days after public announcement of the annual meeting date.
If a stockholder gives notice of such a proposal after the deadlines described above, the Company’s designated proxy holders will be allowed to use their discretionary voting authority to vote against the stockholder proposal when and if the proposal is raised at the Company’s 2021 annual meeting of stockholders.
Furthermore, under the Company’s amended and restated bylaws (the “Bylaws”), a stockholder’s notice of business to be brought before an annual meeting must set forth, as to each proposed matter: (a) a brief description of the business and reason for conducting such business at the meeting; (b) the name and address, as they appear on the Company’s books, of the stockholder proposing such business and any associated person of such stockholder; (c) the class and number of shares of the Company owned by the stockholder proposing such business and any associated person of such stockholder; (d) whether, and the extent to which, any hedging or other transaction or series of transactions has been entered into by or on behalf of such stockholder or any associated person of such stockholder with respect to any securities of the Company, and a description of any other agreement, arrangement or understanding, the effect of which is to mitigate loss to, or manage the risk or benefit from share price changes for, or increase or decrease the voting power of, such stockholder or any associated person of such stockholder with respect to the securities of the Company; (e) any material interest of the stockholder or any associated person of such stockholder in such business; and (f) a statement whether either of such stockholder or any associated person of such stockholder will deliver a proxy statement and form of proxy to holders of at least the percentage of the Company’s voting shares required under applicable law to carry the proposal. In addition, to be in proper written form, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary of the Company must be supplemented not later than 10 calendar days following the record date to disclose the information contained in clauses (c) and (d) above as of the record date. A copy of the pertinent provisions of the Bylaws is available upon request to Harmonic Inc., 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134, Attention: Corporate Secretary, or can be accessed from the Company’s filings with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
Multiple Stockholders Sharing One Address
In some instances, we may deliver to multiple stockholders of record sharing a common address only one copy of the E-Proxy Notice or, if you received paper proxy materials by mail, only one copy of this Proxy Statement and our 2019 Annual Report. If requested orally or in writing, we will promptly provide a separate copy of the E-Proxy Notice or paper proxy materials to a stockholder sharing an address with another stockholder. Requests should be directed to: Harmonic Inc., 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134, Attention: Corporate Secretary, or to 1-408-542-2500. Beneficial holders sharing a common address and who desire separate copies should contact their brokerage firm or bank.

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Stockholders of record sharing an address who currently receive multiple copies of proxy materials or the E-Proxy Notice, and wish to receive only a single copy, should send a signed, written request to the Company at the address noted above. Beneficial holders should contact their brokerage firm or bank.
If You Plan to Attend the Annual Meeting
The Annual Meeting will be a virtual meeting held over the Internet. You will be able to attend the Annual Meeting, vote your shares electronically and submit your questions during the live webcast of the meeting by visiting www.virtualshareholdermeeting.com/HLIT2020 and entering your 16-digit control number located on your proxy card.
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PROPOSAL 1:
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
Seven (7) directors are to be elected at the Annual Meeting. Each of the directors elected at the Annual Meeting will hold office until the earlier of the 2021 annual meeting of stockholders or until such director’s successor has been elected and qualified or until such director’s earlier resignation or removal.
Unless otherwise instructed, the designated proxy holders will vote the proxies received by them “FOR” the Company’s seven nominees named below, all of whom are currently directors of the Company. Each of the nominees was recommended for election by the Company’s Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee of the Board of Directors (the “Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee”) and the Board of Directors. In the event that any nominee of the Company becomes unable or declines to serve as a director at the time of the Annual Meeting, the designated proxy holders will vote the proxies for any substitute nominee who is designated by the Company’s Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee to fill the vacancy. It is not expected that any nominee listed below will be unable or will decline to serve as a director.
The process undertaken by the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee in recommending qualified director candidates is described below under “Considerations in Evaluating Director Nominees” (see page 12 of this Proxy Statement).
Director Nominees
The names of the nominees for director and certain information about each of them are set forth below. The information presented includes age as of April 1, 2020, positions held, principal occupation and business experience for at least the past five years, and the names of other publicly-held companies of which the nominee currently serves as a director or has served as a director during the past five years. In addition to the information presented below regarding the nominee’s specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills that led our Board to the conclusion that each nominee is qualified to serve as a director, we also believe that all of our director nominees have a reputation for integrity, honesty and adherence to high ethical standards. They each have demonstrated knowledge of our industry, an ability to exercise sound judgment, and a commitment to Harmonic and the Board of Directors. Finally, with respect to our directors who have not been officers of the Company, we value their experience on other public company boards of directors and board committees and as senior officers of other companies. Each of the nominees has consented to being named in this Proxy Statement and to serve as a director if elected.
Name
Director Since
Independent
Principal Occupation
Patrick Gallagher
2007
Yes
Board Director
Patrick J. Harshman
2006
No
President and CEO, Harmonic Inc.
Deborah L. Clifford
2018
Yes
Chief Financial Officer, SurveyMonkey
David Krall
2018
Yes
Strategic Advisor, Roku
Mitzi Reaugh
2012
Yes
​Technology Executive
Susan Swenson
2012
Yes
Board Director
Nikos Theodosopoulos
2015
Yes
Founder, NT Advisors LLC
Except as indicated below, each nominee has been engaged in the principal occupation set forth above during the past five years. There are no family relationships between any directors or executive officers of the Company.

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Patrick Gallagher
Age: 65

Board Chair


Board Committees:
 Compensation Committee
 Corporate Governance &
  Nominating Committee
Experience
Mr. Gallagher has been a director since October 2007 and was elected Board Chair in April 2013. Mr. Gallagher is currently the board chair of Intercloud SAS, a provider of access solutions to cloud applications, and is a director of Ciena Corporation, a supplier of networking equipment, software and services, where he serves on the compensation committee and is chair of the governance and nominations committee. Mr. Gallagher also currently serves as the board chair of Mirabeau SAS, a global wine business. From June 2008 to June 2015, he served as a director of Sollers JSC. From March 2008 to March 2012, Mr. Gallagher was the board chair of Ubiquisys Ltd., a UK company which develops and supplies femtocells and small cells for the 3G/4G/LTE mobile wireless market. From January 2008 until February 2009, Mr. Gallagher was the board chair of Macro 4 plc, a FTSE-listed global software solutions company. From May 2006 until March 2008, he was vice chair of Golden Telecom Inc., a NASDAQ-listed facilities-based provider of integrated communications. From 2003 until 2006, Mr. Gallagher was executive vice chair and served as chief executive officer of FLAG Telecom Group, a NASDAQ-listed global telecommunications company which owned and managed a subsea optical fiber network. From 1985 to 2002, Mr. Gallagher held senior management positions at BT Group, including group director of strategy & development, president of BT Europe and as a member of the BT executive committee. Mr. Gallagher holds a B.A. in Economics with honors from Warwick University.

Qualifications
We believe that Mr. Gallagher’s qualifications to serve on our Board include his more than 30 years of experience in the global telecom, Internet and media industries, with a strong track record in building international businesses. He brings particular strategic and operational insight to Harmonic’s international business and has significant experience in chairing both public and private companies.
Patrick Harshman
Age: 55


Board Committees:
 None.
Experience
Mr. Harshman has been a director since May 2006. Mr. Harshman joined the Company in 1993 and was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer in May 2006. Prior to 2006, he held several executive leadership positions for Harmonic including management of marketing, international sales, product management, and research and development functions. Mr. Harshman earned a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and completed an executive management program at Stanford University.

Qualifications
We believe that Mr. Harshman’s qualifications to serve on our Board include his many years of industry experience and extensive customer relationships, his management and operational experience, and his strong background in driving Harmonic’s market-leading broadband and video technologies.
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Deborah L. Clifford
Age: 46


Board Committees:
 Audit Committee
Experience
Ms. Clifford has been a director since October 2018. Ms. Clifford currently serves as the chief financial officer of SurveyMonkey, a leading global survey software company. She oversees all aspects of finance including financial planning and analysis, accounting, tax, treasury, investor relations, strategic planning and corporate development. Previously, from September 2005 to June 2019, Ms. Clifford held a variety of finance positions of increasing scope and responsibility at Autodesk, a leading 3D design, engineering and entertainment software company. Most recently, she served as Vice President of Financial Planning and Analysis and was a lead architect of Autodesk’s financial transformation from selling perpetual licenses to becoming a SaaS provider. Prior to Autodesk, Ms. Clifford held positions at Virage, Inc. and Ernst & Young. She currently serves on the board of trustees of GeoHazards International, a non-profit organization dedicated to disaster prevention in the developing world. Ms. Clifford is a National Association of Corporate Directors (NACD) Governance Fellow. Ms. Clifford holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science with a business specialization from the University of California, Los Angeles, and an MBA from the Stanford Graduate School of Business. She is a certified public accountant (inactive) in the state of California.

Qualifications
We believe that Ms. Clifford’s qualifications to serve on our Board include her extensive finance, operational and business transformation leadership experience at technology companies.
David Krall
Age: 59


Board Committees:
 Compensation Committee
 Corporate Governance &
  Nominating Committee
Experience
Mr. Krall has been a director since February 2018. Mr. Krall has served as a strategic advisor to Roku, Inc., a leading manufacturer of media players for streaming entertainment, since December 2010, and to Universal Audio, Inc., a manufacturer of audio hardware and software plug-ins, since August 2011. In 2010, he served as president and chief operating officer of Roku, where he was responsible for managing all functional areas of the company, and prior to that, Mr. Krall spent two years as president and chief executive officer of QSecure, Inc., a developer of secure credit card technologies. From 1995 to July 2007, Mr. Krall held a variety of positions of increasing responsibility and scope at Avid Technology, Inc., a leading provider of digital media creation tools for the media and entertainment industry, including serving as the company’s president and chief executive officer for seven years. Earlier in his career, Mr. Krall worked in engineering and project management at several companies. Mr. Krall currently serves on the board of directors of Universal Audio, Inc. and Progress Software Corporation, where he is the chair of the compensation committee, and Mr. Krall is the board chair of Audinate Pty Ltd. He also serves on the boards of privately-held companies WeVideo, Inc. and Rombauer Vineyards. Mr. Krall previously served on the board of Quantum Corporation from August 2011 to March 2017. Mr. Krall holds a B.S. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an MBA, with distinction, from Harvard Business School.

Qualifications
We believe that Mr. Krall’s qualifications to serve on our Board include his many years of executive leadership and board experience at technology companies, and particularly his extensive experience in the digital and streaming media industries.

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Mitzi Reaugh
Age: 42


Board Committees:
 Compensation Committee
  (Chair)
Experience
Ms. Reaugh has been a director since July 2012. From September 2018 to March 2020, she was the chief executive officer and president at Jaunt Inc., an immersive software company, where she was previously vice president, global business development and strategy, from November 2016 to September 2018. Ms. Reaugh is the co-founder of GoodLooks, LLC, an online marketplace of lifestyle experts and she served as GoodLooks’ chief executive officer from January 2015 to November 2016. From October 2013 to January 2015, Ms. Reaugh served as an Executive-in-Residence at The Chernin Group, a media and production company that manages, operates and invests in businesses in the media, entertainment and technology sectors. From March 2011 to October 2013, she was the senior vice president, strategy and business development at Miramax, a film and television studio. Prior to joining Miramax, Ms. Reaugh served as senior vice president, client solutions at The Nielsen Company, from February 2010 to March 2011. Before Nielsen, she held leadership roles at NBC Universal and worked as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company. Ms. Reaugh served as a non-executive director on the board of Entertainment One Ltd., from November 2016 to December 2019, where she also served on the audit, nomination, disclosure and remuneration committees. Ms. Reaugh holds an M.B.A, from the University of Pennsylvania Wharton School of Business and a B.A. in Economics from Claremont McKenna College.

Qualifications
We believe that Ms. Reaugh’s qualifications to serve on our Board include being a senior digital media executive and having been at the leading edge of the growth of the digital media industry for over twenty years. She also brings extensive strategic experience and insight to the Board.
Nikos Theodosopoulos
Age: 57


Board Committees:
 Audit Committee
  (Chair)
Experience
Mr. Theodosopoulos has been a director since March 2015. Mr. Theodosopoulos is the founder of NT Advisors LLC, an advisory and consulting company. From August 1995 through July 2012, Mr. Theodosopoulos served in various capacities with UBS, a global provider of financial services, most recently as managing director of technology equity research. From April 1994 to August 1995, he was a senior equity research analyst for Bear, Stearns & Co., an investment banking firm that was acquired by JPMorgan Chase in 2008, and from January 1990 to April 1994, he worked as an account executive for AT&T Network Systems. Mr. Theodosopoulos serves on the board of Arista Networks, Inc., where he also serves on the audit committee and the nominating and corporate governance committee, and as chair of the supervisory board of ADVA Optical Networking SE, where he also serves on the audit committee and the compensation and nomination committee. Theodosopoulos holds a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Columbia University, a M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University and an M.B.A. from New York University’s Stern School of Business.

Qualifications
We believe that Mr. Theodosopoulos’ qualifications to serve on our Board include his significant experience in banking and finance focused on technology companies, and his experience on the boards of directors of major technology companies.
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Susan G. Swenson
Age: 71


Board Committees:
 Audit Committee
 Corporate Governance &
  Nominating Committee
  (Chair)
Experience
Ms. Swenson has been a director since February 2012. Ms. Swenson currently serves on the board of Vislink Technologies, Inc., a provider of wireless video communications products, where she is board chair and chair of the audit committee. Ms. Swenson also serves on the board of Sonim Technologies Inc., a developer of ruggedized specialty mobile phones and is chair of the compensation committee and is a member of the audit committee. From August 2012 to August 2018, Ms. Swenson served on the board of FirstNet, an independent authority within the NTIA/Department of Commerce responsible for establishing a single nationwide public safety broadband network, and was chair of the board from 2014 to 2018. From October 2015 to June 2017, Ms. Swenson served as chair and chief executive officer of Inseego Corp. (previously Novatel Wireless, Inc.), a provider of wireless Internet solutions, and served as the board chair from April 2014 to June 2017 after joining the Novatel Wireless board in 2012. From March 2008 to April 2011, Ms. Swenson served as president and chief executive officer of Sage Software-North America, the North American division of The Sage Group PLC, a global supplier of business management software and services. From August 2007 to March 2008, she was chief operating officer at Atrinsic, Inc. a digital content company. Prior to joining Atrinsic, Inc., she served as chief operating officer of Amp’d Mobile, Inc, a mobile virtual network start-up, from 2006 to 2007. Ms. Swenson was the president and chief operating officer of T-Mobile USA from 2004 to 2005 and of Leap Wireless International, Inc. from 1999 to 2004. She served as the president and chief executive officer of Cellular One from 1994 to 1999. From 1979 to 1994 she served in various management capacities at Pacific Bell, ultimately serving as president and chief operating officer of PacTel Cellular and vice president, Pacific Bell - Northern California Business Unit. Ms. Swenson previously served on the board of Wells Fargo from 1998 to December 2017. Ms. Swenson holds a B.A. in French from San Diego State University.

Qualifications
We believe that Ms. Swenson’s qualifications to serve on our Board include her over 30 years of US senior executive experience in the communications industry and her strong technology operations expertise. She brings to the Board two decades of board and committee service, as well as extensive executive experience, from building and growing technology start-up businesses to transforming enterprise businesses to meet market and competitive challenges.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS VOTING “FOR”
EACH OF THE DIRECTOR NOMINEES SET FORTH ABOVE.
 

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BOARD OPERATIONS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Board Leadership
We separate the roles of Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chairman of the Board in recognition of the differences between the two roles. The CEO is responsible for setting the strategic direction of the Company and for its operational management, leadership and performance, while the independent Chairman of the Board provides guidance to the CEO and sets the agenda for, and presides over, meetings of the full Board.
Board Meetings and Committees
The Board of Directors held a total of seven (7) meetings during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Each current director attended all of the meetings of the Board, or the committees upon which such director served, in 2019.
The Board has determined that Messrs. Gallagher, Krall and Theodosopoulos, and Mmes. Clifford, Reaugh and Swenson, are “independent” as that term is defined under the applicable rules and regulations of the SEC and under applicable NASDAQ listing standards. In making this determination, the Board considered the current and prior relationships that each non-employee director has with Harmonic and all other facts and circumstances the Board deemed relevant in determining their independence, including the beneficial ownership of the Company’s capital stock by each non-employee director. The independent directors have no relationships with the Company which, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director.
The Board has an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee and a Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee.
Audit Committee
The Audit Committee currently consists of Mr. Theodosopoulos and Mmes. Clifford and Swenson, each of whom is independent under Rule 10A-3 of the Exchange Act and under applicable NASDAQ Stock Market listing standards.
Mr. Theodosopoulos serves as the Chairperson of the Audit Committee. The Audit Committee serves as the representative of the Board for general oversight of the quality and integrity of Harmonic’s financial accounting and reporting process, system of internal control over financial reporting, management of financial risks, audit process, and process for monitoring the compliance with related laws and regulations. Each member of the Audit Committee also meets the financial literacy requirements of the applicable NASDAQ listing standards. The Audit Committee engages the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm and approves the scope of both audit and non-audit services. Matters within the scope of the Audit Committee were also discussed in executive sessions at regularly scheduled meetings of the Board in 2019. The Audit Committee held eight (8) meetings during 2019.
The Board has determined that each of Mr. Theodosopoulos and Ms. Clifford is an “audit committee financial expert,” as defined by the current rules of the SEC. The Board believes that Mr. Theodosopoulos’s experience in the communications and finance industries qualifies him as an “audit committee financial expert” because he has acquired relevant expertise and experience from performing his duties as a managing director of technology equity research at a global financial services firm. The Board believes that Ms. Clifford’s experience as a public company chief financial officer and finance executive qualifies her as an “audit committee financial expert.”
The Audit Committee operates under a written charter that was adopted by our board of directors and satisfies the applicable standards of the SEC and applicable NASDAQ listing standards. A copy of our Audit Committee charter is available on our website at www.harmonicinc.com in the Corporate Governance section of the Investor Relations page.
Compensation Committee
The Compensation Committee currently consists of Ms. Reaugh and Messrs. Gallagher and Krall, none of whom is an employee of the Company and each of whom is independent under applicable NASDAQ Stock Market listing standards.
Ms. Reaugh currently serves as the Chairperson of the committee. The Compensation Committee is responsible for approving the Company’s compensation policies, compensation paid to executive officers and administration of the Company’s equity compensation plans. The Compensation Committee held nine (9) meetings during 2019. Matters within the scope of the Compensation Committee were also discussed in executive sessions at regularly scheduled meetings of the Board in 2019.
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The Compensation Committee operates under a written charter that was adopted by our board of directors and satisfies the applicable standards of the SEC and applicable NASDAQ listing standards. A copy of our Compensation Committee charter is available on our website at www.harmonicinc.com in the Corporate Governance section of the Investor Relations page.
Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee currently consists of Ms. Swenson and Messrs. Gallagher and Krall, each of whom is independent under applicable NASDAQ Stock Market listing standards.
Ms. Swenson serves as the Chairperson of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee serves as the representative of the Board for establishment and oversight of governance policy and the operation, composition and compensation of the Board. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee held five (5) meetings in 2019. Matters within the scope of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee were discussed in executive sessions at regularly scheduled meetings of the Board in 2019.
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee has proposed, and the Board has approved, the nomination of all seven (7) of the current board members for re-election by stockholders at this Annual Meeting.
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee operates under a written charter that was adopted by our board of directors and satisfies the applicable standards of the SEC and applicable NASDAQ listing standards. A copy of our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee charter is available on our website at www.harmonicinc.com in the Corporate Governance section of the Investor Relations page.
Meetings of Non-Employee Directors
At each regularly scheduled Board meeting, the non-employee directors meet in an executive session without any members of management or employees present. The Chairman of the Board has the responsibility of presiding over such periodic executive sessions of the Board. Last year, the non-employee directors discussed, in executive sessions, corporate strategy, risk oversight, management performance, Board performance, succession planning for management and the directors, and Board policies, processes and practices.
Corporate Governance Guidelines
The Board has adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines that set forth the key functions of the Board, as well as principles regarding board structure and composition, director voting, board operations and meetings, board interaction with management and third parties, board committees and director compensation. The Corporate Governance Guidelines, in conjunction with our certificate of incorporation, Bylaws and Board committee charters, form the framework for the governance of the Company.
The Corporate Governance Guidelines are available on the Company’s website at www.harmonicinc.com in the Corporate Governance section of the Investor Relations page. The Corporate Governance Guidelines are reviewed at least annually by our Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, and changes are recommended to our Board for approval as appropriate.
Code of Business Conduct and Ethics
We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to all of our Board members, officers and employees, which is available on the Company’s website at www.harmonicinc.com in the Corporate Governance section of the Investor Relations page. Any amendments or waivers of the code pertaining to a member of our Board or one of our executive officers will be disclosed on our website at the above-referenced address.
Role of the Board in Risk Oversight
Management of the Company is responsible for the day-to-day management of risks the Company faces, while the Board has responsibility, as a whole and also at the committee level, for the oversight of the Company’s risk management. The Board regularly reviews the Company’s long-term business strategy, including industry trends and their potential impact on the Company, our competitive positioning, potential acquisitions and divestitures, as well as the Company’s technology and market direction. The Board also reviews information regarding the Company’s actual and planned financial position and operational performance, as well as the risks associated with each. The Compensation Committee is responsible for overseeing the management of risks relating to the Company’s executive compensation and the Company’s incentive, equity award and other benefit plans. The Audit Committee oversees management of

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financial risks, including, but not limited to, accounting matters, tax positions, insurance coverage and security of the Company’s cash reserves, as well as cybersecurity risks. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee manages risks associated with the independence and remuneration of the Board and potential conflicts of interest.
At periodic meetings of the Board and its committees, management reports to, and seeks the guidance of, the Board and its committees with respect to the most significant risks that could affect our business. While each committee is responsible for evaluating certain risks and overseeing the management of such risks, the entire Board is periodically informed about such risks by committee reports and receives advice and counsel with respect to risk issues from the Company’s outside counsel.
Considerations in Evaluating Director Nominees
Pursuant to the charter of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, the Committee may utilize a variety of methods to identify and evaluate candidates for service on our Board of Directors. Candidates may come to the attention of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee through current directors, management, professional search firms, stockholders, outside professionals or other persons. Any candidate presented would be evaluated at a meeting of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee or at a regular Board meeting and may be considered at any point during the year. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee may take such measures as it considers appropriate in connection with its evaluation of a candidate, including candidate interviews, inquiry of the person recommending the candidate or reliance on the knowledge of the members of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, members of the Board or management. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee has hired, from time to time, a consulting firm to assist it in identifying and screening potential candidates for election to the Board.
In evaluating a candidate, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee may consider a variety of criteria. These criteria include, without limitation, relevant areas of expertise, corporate and technology experience, proven achievement, operating executive experience, understanding of our industry, length of service, independence, potential conflicts of interest and other commitments, particular expertise to act as a committee chair or member, the ability to devote the necessary time to the Board and committee service, and personal character and integrity. While the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee does not have a formal policy with respect to diversity, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee seeks nominees with a broad diversity of experiences, professions, skills, geographic representation and backgrounds, including racial, ethnic and gender diversity.
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee evaluates these factors, among others, and does not assign any particular weighting or priority to any of these factors. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee requires the following minimum qualifications to be satisfied by any nominee for a position on the Board of Directors: the highest personal and professional ethics and integrity; proven achievement and competence in the nominee's field and the ability to exercise sound business judgment, as well as skills that are complementary to those of the existing Board; the ability to assist and support management and make significant contributions to our success; and an understanding of the fiduciary responsibilities that are required of a member of the Board and the commitment of time and energy necessary to diligently carry out those responsibilities. With respect to the nomination of continuing directors for re-election, the individual’s historical and ongoing contributions to the Board of Directors are also considered. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee may also consider such other factors as it may deem, from time to time, are in our and our stockholders' best interests.
The Board believes that the backgrounds and qualifications of the directors, considered as a group, should provide a significant composite mix of experience, knowledge and abilities that will allow the Board to best fulfill its responsibilities. Nominees are not discriminated against on the basis of race, religion, national origin, gender, age, sexual orientation, disability or any other basis proscribed by law. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee has not set either term limits or age limits for members of the Board, believing that the Company’s interests are best served by members of the Board with substantial experience and knowledge of the Company’s business and that age is generally not a barrier to effective performance as a member of the Board.
Director Recommendations and Nominations from Stockholders
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee will consider recommendations from stockholders of individuals for service on the Board of Directors at the 2021 annual meeting of stockholders, provided that such recommendations are submitted in a timely manner in writing to the Corporate Secretary of the Company at Harmonic Inc., 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134. If a stockholder desires to recommend an individual for consideration by the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee for nomination by the Board, such recommendation must be received no later than January 1, 2021, which is 120 calendar days prior to the first anniversary of the date of this Proxy Statement first became available to stockholders. In evaluating director candidates recommended by stockholders, the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee will use the same criteria as it uses to evaluate all prospective members of the Board.
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For a stockholder nomination of a person for election to the Board at the 2021 annual meeting of stockholders that such stockholder does not desire to have considered by the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee for nomination by the Board, timely written notice of such nomination must be delivered to the Corporate Secretary of the Company no earlier than March 12, 2021 and no later than April 11, 2021.
To be in proper written form, a stockholder’s notice must contain: (i) as to each person whom the stockholder proposes to nominate for election or re-election as a director, (a) the name, age, business address and residence address of the nominee, (b) the principal occupation or employment of the nominee, (c) the class and number of shares of the Company which are beneficially owned by the nominee and any derivative positions held or beneficially held by the nominee, (d) whether, and the extent to which, any hedging or other transaction or series of transactions has been entered into by or on behalf of the nominee with respect to any securities of the Company, and a description of any other agreement, arrangement or understanding, the effect or intent of which is to mitigate loss, manage the risk or benefit from share price changes, or increase or decrease the voting power of the nominee with respect to any securities of the Company, (e) a description of all arrangements or understandings between the stockholder and each nominee and any other person or persons (naming such person or persons) pursuant to which the nominations are to be made by the stockholder, (f) a written statement executed by the nominee acknowledging that, as a director of the Company, the nominee will owe fiduciary duties under Delaware law with respect to the Company and its stockholders, and (g) any other information relating to the nominee that is required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for election of directors or is otherwise required, in each case pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act (including, without limitation, the nominee’s written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected); and (ii) as to such stockholder proposing a nominee for election to the Board, (a) the information set forth in “Stockholder Proposal Procedures and Deadlines” on page 3 of this Proxy Statement for a stockholder notice of business to be brought before an annual meeting, and (b) a statement whether either such stockholder or any associated person of such stockholder will deliver a proxy statement and form of proxy to holders of a number of the Company’s voting shares reasonably believed by such stockholder or associated person of such stockholder to be necessary to elect such nominee. A copy of the full text of the provisions of the Bylaws provisions discussed herein may be obtained by writing to Harmonic Inc., 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134, Attention: Corporate Secretary, or can be accessed from the Company’s filings with the SEC at www.sec.gov.
Director Compensation
As compensation for its non-employee directors, Harmonic uses a combination of cash and equity-based incentive compensation. Directors who are employees of the Company do not receive additional compensation for their service as directors. Mr. Harshman receives no compensation for his service as a director and compensation earned by Mr. Harshman for his service as CEO is shown in the Summary Compensation Table on page 40 of this Proxy Statement.
The 2019 non-employee director compensation program was developed in consultation with Compensia, Inc. (“Compensia”), an independent compensation consulting firm. Compensia provided recommendations and competitive non-employee director compensation data and analyses. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee considered and discussed these recommendations and data, and considered the specific duties and committee responsibilities of particular directors. The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee recommended, and the Board of Directors adopted Compensia's recommendations when it approved the 2019 non-employee director compensation program described below, which we believe provides our non-employee directors with reasonable and appropriate compensation that is commensurate with the services they provide and competitive with compensation paid by our peers to their non-employee directors.
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee periodically reviews the type and form of compensation paid to our non-employee directors, which includes a market assessment and analysis by Compensia. As part of this analysis, Compensia reviews non-employee director compensation trends and data from companies comprising the same executive compensation peer group used by the Compensation Committee in connection with its review of executive compensation.
Cash Compensation. In 2019, each non-employee director was paid an annual retainer of $35,000. In addition, the chair of the Audit Committee was paid an annual retainer of $32,000, the chair of the Compensation Committee was paid an annual retainer of $18,000, and the chair of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee was paid an annual retainer of $11,000. Other members of the Board committees received an annual retainer as follows: Audit Committee — $16,000; Compensation Committee — $9,000; and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee — $5,500. The non-executive Chair of the Board received an additional annual retainer of $40,000. No additional fees were paid for attending in-person or telephonic meetings of the Board or its committees.

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Equity Compensation. The 2002 Director Stock Plan, as amended (the “2002 Plan”), currently provides for grants of stock options or restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to be made in three ways:
Initial Grants. Each new non-employee director who joins the Board (excluding a former employee director who ceases to be an employee director, but who remains a director) is entitled to receive stock options or RSUs, or a mix thereof, on the date that the individual is first appointed or elected to the Board, as determined by the Board in its sole discretion.
Ongoing Grants. Each non-employee director who has served on the Board for at least six months, as of the date of grant, will receive an annual grant of stock options or RSUs, or a mix thereof, as determined by the Board in its sole discretion. Ongoing grants have historically been made in the first quarter of each fiscal year and have been comprised of only RSUs. Under the Company’s 2019 non-employee director compensation program, non-employee directors received an RSU award with a grant date value of $120,000 that vested in full after 1 year.
Discretionary Grants. The Board may make discretionary grants of stock options or RSUs, or a mix thereof, to any non-employee director.
In 2019, we instituted a policy allowing our non-employee directors to elect to defer the receipt of RSUs granted as Initial Grants or Ongoing Grants. If so elected, 100% of the RSUs subject to such Initial Grant or Ongoing Grant (as applicable), to the extent vested, will be deferred and paid within 60 days following the earliest to occur of (i) a change in control (as defined within the policy), (ii) the director’s separation from service (as defined under Section 409A of the Code) and (iii) the director’s death, subject to any required six month delay required under Section 409A of the Code. Non-employee directors may elect to defer their Ongoing Grants before the end of the calendar year to which such grants relate. Unless revoked under the policy’s terms, a deferral election will remain in effect with respect to Ongoing Grants made in future years.
2019 Director Compensation
Name
Fees Paid in Cash($)
Stock Awards ($)(1)(2)
Option Awards ($)
Total ($)
Patrick Gallagher
89,500
119,995
​209,495
Deborah L. Clifford
51,000
119,995
170,995
​David Krall
46,097
119,995
166,092
E. Floyd Kvamme(3)
25,071
119,995
145,066
​Mitzi Reaugh
49,143
119,995
169,138
Susan G. Swenson
62,000
119,995
181,995
​Nikos Theodosopoulos
67,000
119,995
186,995
(1)
The amounts in this column represent the aggregate grant date fair value of awards for grants of RSUs to each listed non-employee director in 2019, computed in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. These amounts do not represent the actual amounts paid to or realized by the directors during 2019 or thereafter. The grant date fair market value of the RSUs is based on the closing market price of the Common Stock on the date of grant.
(2)
Grants of RSUs under our 2002 Director Stock Plan were made on April 3, 2019, to each of the Company’s non-employee directors. Each RSU grant was for 21,238 shares and vested in full on February 15, 2020; provided, however, Mr. Kvamme’s grant vested in part (approximately thirty percent) when he retired from the Board in June 2019 after not standing for reelection at the 2019 annual meeting of stockholders.
(3)
Mr. Kvamme did not stand for reelection at our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, and therefore received prorated director fees through the date of his retirement.
Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2019
The following table provides the number of shares of Common stock subject to outstanding options and RSU units held by the non-employee directors of the Company at December 31, 2019.
Name
Unvested Restricted Stock Units Outstanding
Stock Options Outstanding
Patrick Gallagher
21,238
Deborah L. Clifford
41,102
David Krall
51,285
E. Floyd Kvamme(1)
Mitzi Reaugh
21,238
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Name
Unvested Restricted Stock Units Outstanding
Stock Options Outstanding
Susan G. Swenson
21,238
Nikos Theodosopoulos
21,238
30,000
(1)
Mr. Kvamme did not stand for reelection at our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders.
Non-Employee Director Stock Ownership Policy
Under the Board's non-employee director stock ownership policy, each non-employee director is required to beneficially own shares of Common Stock with a market value equal to at least $175,000 (excluding, for the purposes of this calculation, the value of stock options exercisable within 60 days) by the later of the Company’s 2018 annual meeting of stockholders or the fifth anniversary of the director’s election to the Board. Each non-employee director is in compliance with these guidelines or is on track to be in compliance with these guidelines by the applicable deadline.
Communication with the Board of Directors
The Board believes that management should be the primary means of communication between the Company and all of its constituencies, including stockholders, customers, suppliers and employees. However, stockholders may communicate with individual members of the Board, committees of the Board, or the full Board by addressing correspondence to Harmonic Inc., 4300 North First Street, San Jose, California 95134. Attention: Corporate Secretary. Our Corporate Secretary or legal department, in consultation with appropriate members of the Board as necessary, will review all incoming communications and, if appropriate, such communications will be forwarded to the appropriate member or members of our Board.
Annual Stockholder Meetings
All seven (7) members of the Board attended the Company’s 2019 virtual annual meeting of stockholders telephonically. The Board has a policy encouraging directors to attend annual stockholder meetings.

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PROPOSAL 2:
ADVISORY VOTE ON NEO COMPENSATION
Pursuant to Section 14A of the Exchange Act of 1934 as promulgated by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, we are asking stockholders to vote on the compensation of our named executive officers (the “NEOs”), as named in accordance with applicable SEC rules, on page 30 of this Proxy Statement. This Proposal 2, commonly known as a “say-on-pay” proposal, gives our stockholders the opportunity to express their views on our NEOs’ compensation as a whole. This vote is not intended to address any specific item of compensation or any specific named executive officer, but rather the overall compensation of all of our NEOs and the named executive officer compensation philosophy, policies and practices described in this Proxy Statement.
The say-on-pay vote is advisory, and therefore not binding on the Company, the Compensation Committee or the Board. The say-on-pay vote will, however, provide information to us regarding investor sentiment about our NEO compensation philosophy, policies and practices, which the Compensation Committee will be able to consider when determining NEO compensation for the remainder of the current fiscal year and for future fiscal years. Our Board and Compensation Committee value the opinions of our stockholders, and, to the extent there is any significant vote against the NEO compensation as disclosed in this Proxy Statement, we will consider our stockholders’ concerns and the Compensation Committee will evaluate whether any action is necessary to address those concerns. At our 2019 annual meeting, our stockholders approved the compensation of our NEOs, with approximately 98% of the shares present and entitled to vote voting in favor of the say-on-pay proposal. As we evaluated our compensation practices and talent needs throughout 2019, we were mindful of the support our stockholders expressed for our philosophy of linking compensation to our financial goals and in support of enhancing stockholder value. As a result, the Compensation Committee decided to retain our general approach with respect to our NEO compensation programs, with an emphasis on delivering long-term and short-term incentive compensation that reward our executives commensurate with the value they deliver to our stockholders. Since 2011, we have held an advisory vote to approve NEO compensation each year, and the next such advisory vote will occur at our 2021 annual meeting.
The Company’s goal for its NEO compensation program is to attract, motivate and retain a talented and creative team of executives who will contribute significantly to the long-term success of the Company and the enhancement of stockholder value. As described in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” and “Executive Compensation” sections beginning on pages 31 and 40, respectively, of this Proxy Statement, we believe that our NEO compensation program was designed appropriately and is working to ensure management’s interests are aligned with our stockholders’ interests to support long-term value creation. We would like to highlight the following items that support these beliefs:
Our Compensation Committee retains an independent compensation consultant to assist it in the evaluation of appropriate cash and equity compensation for executive management.
The compensation philosophy of our Compensation Committee includes relating each of the individual components of executive management compensation to overall Company performance.
The compensation philosophy of our Compensation Committee includes tying incentive bonus payments to the achievement of objective performance parameters.
The compensation philosophy of our Compensation Committee includes putting at risk a significant portion of each executive’s total target compensation and rewarding our executive management for superior performance by the Company.
The compensation philosophy of our Compensation Committee includes reflecting competitive market requirements and strategic business needs in determining the appropriate mix of cash and non-cash, and short-term and long-term, compensation.
Accordingly, we ask our stockholders to vote “FOR” the following resolution at the Annual Meeting:
“RESOLVED, that the Company’s stockholders approve, on an advisory basis, the compensation of the named executive officers, as disclosed in the Company’s Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders pursuant to the compensation disclosure rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the compensation tables and the other related disclosure.”
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS THAT YOU VOTE “FOR” THE ADVISORY VOTE APPROVING NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICER COMPENSATION.
 
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PROPOSAL 3:
APPROVAL OF AMENDMENT TO 2002 EMPLOYEE
STOCK PURCHASE PLAN
The Company’s stockholders are being asked to approve a 1,000,000 share increase in the number of shares of Common Stock reserved for issuance under the Company’s 2002 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”).
The ESPP was adopted by the Board of Directors in March 2002 and was approved by our stockholders in May 2002. The ESPP, as initially approved, permitted the issuance of 1,500,000 shares of Common Stock. Amendments to the ESPP, adopted in May 2004, May 2006, May 2009, July 2011, August 2013, July 2014, June 2016, June 2017, June 2018 and June 2019 increased the maximum number of shares available for issuance under the ESPP by an additional 15,300,000 shares in the aggregate, resulting in 16,800,000 shares of Common Stock permitted for issuance under the ESPP. As of March 31, 2020, there were 760,109 shares of Common Stock currently available for issuance under the ESPP.
In April 2020, the Board of Directors unanimously approved an amendment to the ESPP, subject to obtaining stockholder approval, to increase the number of shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the ESPP by 1,000,000 shares. If this proposal is approved by our stockholders, the shares reserved and available for issuance under the ESPP for the current offering period and for offering periods commencing on or after July 1, 2020, would be increased by 1,000,000 shares. Based on the Company’s current forecasts and estimated participation rates, the Company expects that with this increase, the ESPP will have enough shares of Common Stock to cover ESPP purchases through July 2021.
If this proposal is not approved by the Company’s stockholders, the shares reserved and available for issuance under the ESPP will be 760,109, and, based on current forecasts and estimated participation rates, the Company anticipates this would only be enough shares of Common Stock to cover ESPP purchases through July 2020.
The intent of the ESPP is to encourage employees to acquire equity ownership in the Company in an effort to ensure a close alignment of the interests of employees with those of the Company’s stockholders. The proposed increase in the number of shares available for issuance under the ESPP will enable the Company to continue to use the ESPP as a valuable tool for attracting and retaining key personnel and aligning the interests of ESPP participants with those of the Company’s stockholders. We believe that the ESPP remains an important element of a competitive compensation package, especially for technology companies, as these plans are offered by most public companies with which we compete for employees. Approximately 45% of our employees eligible to participate in the ESPP during the offering period ending July 1, 2020 are participating.
Description of the ESPP
The following is a summary of the principal features of the ESPP and its operation. This summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the ESPP, a copy of which was filed as Exhibit 10.1 to our Registration Statement on Form S-8, as filed with the SEC on June 28, 2019, except with respect to the increase in the number of shares reserved for issuance noted above.
Purpose. The purpose of the ESPP is to provide employees with an opportunity to purchase Common Stock through payroll deductions.
Administration. The ESPP is administered by the Board of Directors or a committee appointed by the Board of Directors (in either case, the “Administrator”). The Administrator has full and exclusive discretionary authority to construe, interpret and apply the terms of the ESPP, and the Administrator’s findings, decisions, and determinations are final and binding upon all parties.
Eligibility. Currently, each of our employees, and each employee of our designated subsidiaries, whose customary employment with the Company or the designated subsidiary is at least 20 hours per week and more than five months in any calendar year, is eligible to participate in the ESPP. As of the beginning of the current offering period on January 1, 2020, approximately 1,118 employees were eligible to participate in the ESPP. No employee who owns stock and/or holds outstanding options to purchase stock that is equal to or greater than 5% of the total combined voting power or value of all classes of our stock may participate in the ESPP. Moreover, no employee may participate to the extent that he or she may purchase Common Stock under all employee stock purchase plans of the Company with a fair market value (determined on the first day of any offering period) in excess of $25,000 in any calendar year.

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Shares Available for Issuance. As of March 31, 2020, there were 760,109 shares of Common Stock available for issuance under the ESPP, most of which are expected to be issued on the next purchase date on July 1, 2020, after the end of the current offering period. If our stockholders approve this proposal, an additional 1,000,000 shares will become reserved and available for issuance in the current offering period and for offering periods commencing on or after July 1, 2020.
Offering Period. The ESPP currently has offering periods that have a duration of approximately six months, commencing on the first trading day for Common Stock on or after each January 1 and July 1 and terminating on the last trading day of the period ending approximately six months thereafter. Our Board of Directors has the power to change the commencement date and the duration of future offering periods without stockholder approval, if such change is announced prior to the scheduled beginning of the first offering period to be affected by such change. Each offering period constitutes a purchase period during which shares of Common Stock may be purchased on behalf of the participant in accordance with the terms of the ESPP.
Participation. To participate in the ESPP, an eligible employee must authorize payroll deductions pursuant to the ESPP. Payroll deductions are withheld only in whole percentages of the participant’s compensation and cannot exceed 10% of a participant’s compensation that she or he receives on each pay day during the offering period.
A participant may not make any additional payments into her or his account other than by payroll deductions. To the extent necessary to comply with Section 423(b)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), and eligibility limitations pursuant to the ESPP, a participant’s payroll deductions may be decreased to zero by the participant at any time during an offering period. A participant may decrease, but not increase, the rate of payroll deductions during an offering period, except the Administrator may, in its discretion, limit the nature and/or number of participant rate changes during any offering period.
Grant. The number of shares of Common Stock a participant purchases in each offering period is determined by dividing the total amount of payroll deductions withheld from the participant’s compensation during the offering period by the purchase price. However, a participant may purchase no more than 1,500 shares in any offering period.
Purchase Price; Exercise. The Internal Revenue Service views participants in our ESPP as receiving options. The price per share of the shares subject to the option, as permitted by the Code, is the lower of (i) 85% of the fair market value of a share of Common Stock on the first day of the offering period, or (ii) 85% of the fair market value of a share of Common Stock on the purchase date, which is the last day of the offering period. Unless a participant withdraws from the ESPP or her or his employment terminates with us or a designated subsidiary, the participant’s option for the purchase of shares is exercised automatically on each purchase date. No fractional shares may be purchased, and any accumulated payroll deductions not sufficient to purchase a full share are retained in the participant’s account for the subsequent offering period.
If the number of shares with respect to which options are to be exercised exceed shares available for sale under the ESPP on a purchase date or commencement of an offering period, the Administrator may, in its sole discretion, make a pro rata allocation of the shares available for purchase and either continue the offering period then in effect or terminate the offering period then in effect. The Administrator may make such pro rata allocation of shares notwithstanding any authorization of additional shares for issuance under the ESPP by our stockholders subsequent to the commencement of an offering period.
Withdrawal; Termination of Employment. A participant may withdraw all, but not less than all, the payroll deductions credited to her or his account, and not yet used to exercise her or his option, under the ESPP at any time by written notice to the Company. If a participant withdraws from an offering period, no further payroll deductions by the participant will be made during the offering period and payroll deductions will not automatically resume at the beginning of the succeeding offering period. Additionally, payroll deductions credited to the participant’s account during the offering period, but not yet used to exercise the option, will be returned to the participant or, in the case of her or his death, to the person or persons entitled thereto, and the participant’s option will automatically terminate. Withdrawal from an offering period has no effect upon a participant’s eligibility to participate in subsequent offering periods. If a participant fails to remain as our employee or an employee of a designated subsidiary, or ceases to meet the ESPP eligibility requirements, she or he is deemed to have withdrawn from the ESPP.
Adjustments upon Changes in Capitalization and Certain Transactions. Any increase or decrease in the number of issued shares of Common Stock resulting from a stock split, payment of a stock dividend, or any other increase or decrease in the number of shares of Common Stock effected without the Company receiving consideration will proportionately adjust the:
1.
number of shares of Common Stock covered by each ESPP option;
2.
number of shares of Common Stock each participant may purchase in an offering period;
3.
number of shares of Common Stock available for sale under the ESPP; and
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4.
price per share of Common Stock covered by each ESPP option.
Any other issuance by the Company of shares of stock of any class, or securities convertible into shares of stock of any class, will not affect the number or price of shares of Common Stock subject to an ESPP option.
In the event of a proposed dissolution or liquidation of the Company, an offering period will be shortened by setting a new purchase date, and terminated immediately prior to the consummation of the proposed dissolution or liquidation, unless the Administrator provides otherwise.
In the event of a merger or change of control of the Company, each outstanding option under the ESPP will be assumed or an equivalent option substituted by the successor corporation or a parent or subsidiary of the successor corporation. If the successor corporation refuses to assume, or substitute for, the option, any offering period then in progress under the ESPP is shortened by setting a new purchase date and terminated before the date of the proposed merger or change of control. The Administrator will notify each participant in writing prior to the new purchase date that her or his option will be automatically exercised on the new purchase date, unless prior to such date the participant has withdrawn from the offering period.
Amendment or Termination. The Administrator may, at any time and for any reason, terminate or amend the ESPP, except that no terminations can affect options previously granted, other than certain terminations specified in the ESPP. Without stockholder approval and without regard to whether any participant rights may be considered to have been adversely affected, the Administrator is entitled to:
1.
change the offering periods;
2.
limit the frequency and number of changes in the amount withheld during an offering period;
3.
establish the exchange ratio applicable to amounts withheld in a currency other than U.S. dollars;
4.
permit payroll withholding in excess of the amount designated by a participant in order to adjust for delays or mistakes in our processing of properly completed withholding elections;
5.
establish reasonable waiting and adjustment periods and accounting and crediting procedures to ensure that amounts applied toward the purchase of Common Stock properly correspond with amounts withheld; and
6.
establish such other limitations or procedures as the Administrator determines, in its sole discretion, to be advisable and which are consistent with the ESPP.
In the event the Administrator determines that the ongoing operation of the ESPP may result in unfavorable financial accounting consequences, the Board may, in its discretion, without stockholder approval or the consent of any participant, and to the extent necessary or desirable, modify or amend the ESPP to reduce or eliminate such accounting consequence, including, without limitation, by (i) increasing the purchase price for any offering period, including an offering period underway at the time of Board action, (ii) shortening any offering period so that offering period ends on a new purchase date, including an offering period underway at the time of the Board action, and (iii) allocating shares.
Number of Shares Purchased by Certain Individuals and Groups
Given that the number of shares that may be purchased under the ESPP is determined, in part, by the Common Stock’s market value at the beginning and end of each offering period (or upon a purchase date within an offering period), and given that participation in the ESPP is voluntary on the part of employees, the actual number of shares that may be purchased by any individual is not determinable. For illustrative purposes, the following table sets forth (a) the number of shares of Common Stock that were purchased under the ESPP during fiscal year 2019 by our NEOs, as a group, and by our employees who are not NEOs, as a group, and (b) the weighted average per share purchase price paid for such shares by each such group.
ESPP Transactions 2019
Number of Shares
Purchased
Weighted Average
Purchase Price
All named executive officers as a group (5 persons)
6,000
$3.94
All employees, other than named executive officers, as a group (515 persons)(1)
1,031,366
$3.94
(1)
We had 1,172 employees as of December 31, 2019, 53 of which were not eligible to participate in the ESPP due to being located in countries where the Company does not offer the ESPP.

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Tax Aspects
The following brief summary of the effect of U.S. federal income taxation upon a participant and the Company with respect to the shares purchased under the ESPP does not purport to be complete, and does not discuss such tax consequences with respect to a participant’s death or the income tax laws of any state or foreign country in which the participant may reside.
The ESPP, and the right of participants to make purchases thereunder, is intended to qualify under the provisions of Sections 421 and 423 of the Code. Under these provisions, an employee will not have taxable income when the shares of Common Stock are purchased, but the employee generally will have taxable income when the employee sells or otherwise disposes of shares purchased under the ESPP.
Upon sale or other disposition of the shares, the participant will generally be subject to tax in an amount that depends upon the holding period. If the shares are sold or otherwise disposed of more than two years from the first day of the applicable offering period and one year from the applicable purchase date, the participant will recognize ordinary income measured as the lesser of (a) the excess of the fair market value of the shares at the time of such sale or disposition over the purchase price, or (b) an amount equal to 15% of the fair market value of the shares as of the first day of the applicable offering period. Any additional gain will be treated as long-term capital gain. If the shares are sold or otherwise disposed of before the expiration of either of these holding periods, the participant will recognize ordinary income generally measured as the excess of the fair market value of the shares, on the date the shares are purchased, over the purchase price. Any additional gain or loss on such sale or disposition will be long-term or short-term capital gain or loss, depending on how long the shares have been held from the purchase date. The Company generally is not entitled to a deduction for amounts taxed as ordinary income or capital gain to a participant, except to the extent of ordinary income recognized by participants upon a sale or disposition of shares prior to the expiration of the holding periods described above.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS VOTING “FOR” THE APPROVAL OF THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT TO THE 2002 EMPLOYEE STOCK PURCHASE PLAN TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF COMMON STOCK RESERVED FOR ISSUANCE THEREUNDER BY 1,000,000 SHARES.
 
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PROPOSAL 4:
APPROVAL OF AMENDMENT TO 1995 STOCK PLAN
The Company’s stockholders are being asked to approve an amendment to the 1995 Stock Plan (the “1995 Plan”) which would increase the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 1995 Plan by 4,000,000 shares. The 1995 Plan is the only equity plan of the Company available for grant of equity awards to employees of the Company. If this share increase is not approved, then the remaining shares available for grants under the 1995 Plan will be insufficient to meet the Company’s grant needs through 2021.
The 1995 Plan currently permits us to grant a broad range of equity awards to eligible employees and consultants of the Company. We established the 1995 Plan in order to assist the Company in attracting, retaining and motivating the best available personnel for the successful conduct and growth of the Company’s business. The Company believes that the 1995 Plan is an essential tool to link the long-term interests of stockholders and employees and serves to motivate its officers and other employees to make decisions that will, in the long run, give the best returns to stockholders. The Company has, therefore, consistently included equity incentives as a significant component of compensation for a broad range of the Company’s employees. In addition, the Company believes this practice is critical to the Company’s ability to attract and retain employees in highly competitive markets for managerial and technical talent. The Company’s key sites in California (Silicon Valley), Israel, Hong Kong, France and certain other locations exposes it to particularly intense competition in the labor market from both private and public companies. Equity incentives are offered by most companies with which the Company competes for employees, and the Company believes it is essential to provide RSUs to both new and existing employees.
In April 2020, our Board of Directors approved amending the 1995 Plan, subject to stockholder approval at the Annual Meeting. The proposed amendment would increase the number of shares reserved for issuance under the 1995 Plan by 4,000,000 shares and based on the data available as of April 1, 2020, the additional shares would increase the total number of shares available for grant under the 1995 Plan to 7,436,256.
The NEOs have an interest in this proposal as they may receive awards under the 1995 Plan from time to time.
Equity Plan Information as of April 1, 2020
Amount
Shares available for grant under all active equity plans (i.e., 1995 Plan and 2002 Director Stock Plan):
3,740,070
Stock options outstanding under all active and inactive equity plans:
1,558,001
Weighted average term of outstanding stock options under all active and inactive equity plans:
1.9 years
Weighted average exercise price of outstanding options under all active and inactive equity plans:
$5.84
Outstanding and unvested RSUs under all active and inactive equity plans
3,454,088
1995 Plan Information as of April 1, 2020
Amount
Shares available for future grant:
3,436,256
Stock options outstanding:
1,528,001
Weighted average term of outstanding stock options:
1.9 years
Weighted average exercise price of outstanding options:
$5.81
Outstanding and unvested RSUs:
3,280,096

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Historical Grants under All Equity Plans
(in thousands)
Stock Options
Time-based RSUs
Performance-based RSUs
Outstanding as of December 31, 2018
3,068
2,862
541
Granted
2,312
405
Exercised
(801)
Vested
(2,089)
(331)
Forfeited, canceled or expired
(379)
(99)
Outstanding as of Dec. 31, 2019
1,888
2,986
615
Outstanding as of December 31, 2017
3,880
2,485
419
Granted
2,423
1,483
Exercised
(239)
Vested
(1,834)
(1,343)
Forfeited, canceled or expired
(573)
(212)
(18)
Outstanding as of Dec. 31, 2018
3,068
2,862
541
Outstanding as of Dec. 31, 2016
5,019
2,989
875
Granted
30
2,036
1,510
Exercised
(106)
Vested
(2,043)
(1,141)
Forfeited, canceled or expired
(1,063)
(497)
(825)
Outstanding as of Dec. 31, 2017
3,880
2,485
419
Based on the data shown above, if grants during 2020 are made according to the historical average, it is likely that there would be insufficient shares available in the 1995 Plan to meet our regular grant needs through 2021.
DESCRIPTION OF 1995 PLAN
The following is a summary of the principal features of the 1995 Plan and its operation. This summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the 1995 Plan, a copy of which was filed as Exhibit 10.2 to our Registration Statement on Form S-8, as filed with the SEC on June 28, 2019, except with respect to the increase in the number of shares reserved for issuance noted above.
Purposes
The purposes of the 1995 Plan are to attract and retain the best available personnel for positions of substantial responsibility, to provide additional incentive to employees and consultants, and to promote the success of the Company’s business.
Term
The 1995 Plan will expire on March 1, 2025.
Types of Awards
The 1995 Plan provides for the grant of options to purchase shares of our Common Stock, SARs, RSUs, performance shares (“Performance Shares”), performance units (“Performance Units”) and deferred stock units (“Deferred Stock Units”) to employees and consultants of the Company. As of April 1, 2020, there were 1,129 employees (including officers) and one (1) consultant eligible to participate in the 1995 Plan. Options granted under the 1995 Plan may either be “incentive stock options”, as defined in Section 422 of the Code (to employees only), or nonstatutory stock options.
Administration
The 1995 Plan may be administered by our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee. Subject to the other provisions of the 1995 Plan, the administrator has the authority to: (i) construe and interpret the 1995 Plan and awards and apply their provisions; (ii) prescribe, amend or rescind rules and regulations relating to the 1995 Plan, including rules and regulations relating to sub-plans established for the purpose of qualifying for preferred tax treatment under foreign tax laws; (iii) select the consultants and employees to whom awards are to be granted; (iv) subject to fiscal year limits, applicable to each type of award, for aggregate grants of shares to any
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participant, determine the number of shares to be made subject to each award; (v) determine whether and to what extent awards are to be granted; (vi) prescribe the terms and conditions of each award (including the provisions of the award agreement to be entered into between the Company and the grantee) including any restrictions; (vii) determine the fair market value of the common stock; (viii) approve the forms of agreements for use under the Plan; (ix) allow participants to satisfy required withholding tax obligations by election to have the Company withhold from the shares or cash issued upon exercise or vesting of an award not in excess of the maximum statutory amount; (x) amend any outstanding award subject to applicable legal restrictions, except for the reduction of the exercise price of an option or SAR (unless stockholder approval is obtained); (xi) authorize any person to execute, on behalf of the Company, any instrument required to effect the grant of an award; and (xii) subject to certain limitations, take any other actions deemed necessary or advisable for the administration of the 1995 Plan. All decisions, interpretations and other actions of the Compensation Committee shall be final and binding on all holders of options or rights and on all persons deriving their rights from such holders. Shares used to pay the withholding tax related to an award or to pay for the exercise price of an award are not available for future grant or sale under the 1995 Plan.
Eligibility
The 1995 Plan provides that awards may be granted to the Company’s employees and consultants. Incentive stock options may be granted only to employees.
Annual Award Limitations
The 1995 Plan provides that no participant may be granted, in any fiscal year of the Company, options and SARs that relate to more than 800,000 shares of common stock. The 1995 Plan also provides that no participant may be granted, in any fiscal year of the Company, awards of RSUs and performance shares that relate to more than a combined 800,000 shares of common stock.
Terms and Conditions of Options
Our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee, subject to the provisions of the 1995 Plan, shall have complete discretion to determine the terms and conditions of options granted under the 1995 Plan. Each option granted under the 1995 Plan is evidenced by a written stock option agreement between the optionee and the Company and is subject to other terms and conditions, as set forth below.
Exercise Price. Our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee determines the exercise price of options at the time the options are granted. However, the exercise price of any stock option must not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the common stock on the grant date. Options may be granted with a per share exercise price of less than 100% of the fair market value per share on the date of grant pursuant to a merger or other corporate transaction.
No Repricing or Exchange Program. No option granted under the 1995 Plan may be repriced, without stockholder approval, including by means of an exchange for cash or another award.
Form of Consideration. The means of payment for shares issued upon exercise of an option is specified in each option agreement and generally may be made by cash, check, other shares of common stock of the Company owned by the optionee, delivery of an exercise notice together with irrevocable instructions to a broker to deliver the exercise price to the Company from sale proceeds, by a combination thereof, or by any consideration and method of payment for the issuance of shares to the extent permitted by applicable laws.
Exercise and Vesting of the Option. Each stock option agreement will specify the term of the option and the date when the option is to become exercisable.
No Dividends. Until a stock certificate is issued following the exercise of a stock option granted under the 1995 Plan, no right to receive dividends will exist with respect to any granted option.
Termination of Employment or Service. If an optionee’s employment or service terminates for any reason (other than death or permanent disability), then all options held by such optionee under the 1995 Plan expire upon the earlier of (i) such period of time as is set forth in his or her option agreement, or (ii) the expiration date of the option. In the absence of a specified time in the option agreement, the option to the extent exercisable, shall remain exercisable for three months following the optionee’s termination of employment or service. The optionee may exercise all or part of his or her option at any time before such expiration to the extent that such option was exercisable at the time of termination of employment or service.

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Permanent Disability. If an optionee is unable to continue employment or service with the Company as a result of permanent and total disability (as defined in the Code), then all options, to the extent exercisable, held by such optionee under the 1995 Plan shall expire upon the earlier of (i) 12 months after the date of termination of the optionee’s employment or service, or (ii) the expiration date of the option. The optionee may exercise all or part of his or her option at any time before such expiration to the extent that such option was exercisable at the time of termination of employment or service.
Death. If an optionee dies while employed by the Company, then all options, to the extent exercisable, held by such optionee under the 1995 Plan shall expire upon the earlier of (i) 12 months after the date of termination of the optionee’s employment or service, or (ii) the expiration date of the option. The executors or other legal representative of the optionee may exercise all or part of the optionee’s option at any time before such expiration to the extent that such option was exercisable at the time of death.
Termination of Options. Each stock option agreement will specify the term of the option and the date when all or any installment of the option is to become exercisable. However, in no event shall an option granted under the 1995 Plan be exercised more than seven (7) years after the date of grant (ten years in the case of options granted prior to 2012). No options may be exercised by any person after the expiration of its term.
Limitations. If the aggregate fair market value of all shares of common stock subject to an optionee’s incentive stock option that are exercisable for the first time during any calendar year exceeds $100,000, the excess options shall be treated as nonstatutory options.
Other Provisions. The stock option agreement may not contain any term, provision or condition that is inconsistent with the 1995 Plan, as may be determined by our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee.
Terms and Conditions of SARs
Exercise Price. Our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee, subject to the provisions of the 1995 Plan, shall have complete discretion to determine the terms and conditions of SARs granted under the 1995 Plan, provided, however, that (i) no SAR may be granted with a per share exercise price less than 100% fair market value on the date of grant, and (ii) no SAR may be repriced, including by means of an exchange for another award, without stockholder approval, including by means of an exchange for another award. However, SARs may be granted with a per share less than 100% fair market value on the date of grant pursuant to a merger or other corporate transaction.
No Repricing or Exchange Program. No SAR granted under the 1995 Plan may be repriced, without stockholder approval, including by means of an exchange for cash or another award.
Dividends. No dividends are payable prior to the vesting of a SAR or any other awards granted under the 1995 Plan.
Payment of Stock Appreciation Right Amount. Upon exercise of a SAR, the holder of the SAR shall be entitled to receive payment from the Company in an amount determined by multiplying (i) the amount by which the fair market value of a share on the date of exercise exceeds the exercise price multiplied by (ii) the number of shares with respect to which the SAR is exercised.
Payment upon Exercise of Stock Appreciation Right. At the discretion of the Compensation Committee, and as specified in the agreement evidencing the SAR, payment to the holder of a SAR may be in cash, shares of our common stock or a combination thereof. In the event that payment to the holder of a SAR is settled in cash, the shares available for issuance under the 1995 Plan shall not be diminished as a result of the settlement.
Stock Appreciation Right Agreement. Each SAR grant shall be evidenced by an agreement that specifies the exercise price, the term of the SAR, the conditions of exercise, and such other terms and conditions as the Compensation Committee, in its sole discretion, shall determine.
Expiration of SARs. SARs granted under the 1995 Plan expire as determined by the Compensation Committee, but in no event later than seven (7) years from the date of grant (ten years in the case of SARs granted prior to 2012). No SAR may be exercised by any person after its expiration.
Termination of Employment or Service. If a participant’s employment or service terminates for any reason (other than death or permanent disability), then all SARs held by such participant under the 1995 Plan expire upon the earlier of (i) such period of time as is set
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forth in his or her SAR agreement, or (ii) the expiration date of the SAR. In the absence of a specified time in the SAR agreement, the SAR, to the extent exercisable, shall remain exercisable for three months following the participant’s termination of employment or service. The participant may exercise all or part of his or her SARs at any time before such expiration to the extent that such option was exercisable at the time of termination of employment or service.
Permanent Disability. If a participant is unable to continue employment or service with the Company as a result of permanent and total disability (as defined in the Code), then all SARs, to the extent exercisable, held by such participant under the 1995 Plan shall expire upon the earlier of (i) 12 months after the date of termination of the participant’s employment or service, or (ii) the expiration date of the SAR. The participant may exercise all or part of his or her SARs at any time before such expiration to the extent that such option was exercisable at the time of termination of employment or service.
Death. If a participant dies while employed by the Company, then all SARs to the extent exercisable held by such participant under the 1995 Plan shall expire upon the earlier of (i) 12 months after the date of termination of the participant’s employment or service, or (ii) the expiration date of the SARs. The executors or other legal representative of the optionee may exercise all or part of the participant’s SARs at any time before such expiration to the extent that such option was exercisable at the time of death.
Terms and Conditions of RSUs
Grant of RSUs. The Compensation Committee, subject to the provisions of the 1995 Plan, shall have complete discretion to determine the terms and conditions of RSUs granted under the 1995 Plan. Each RSU granted on or after June 5, 2019 will count against the share reserve under the 1995 Plan as one share for every RSU granted, and any RSU awards granted prior to June 5, 2019 that debited 1.5 shares against the 1995 Plan share reserve for every RSU will continue to return 1.5 shares to the 1995 Plan reserve for each forfeited RSU. Our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee shall have complete discretion to determine (i) the number of shares subject to RSUs granted to any participant, and (ii) the conditions that must be satisfied (typically based principally or solely on continued provision of services, but may include a performance-based component) for the grant or vesting of RSUs. Until the shares are issued, no right to vote or receive dividends or any other rights as a stockholder shall exist with respect to the underlying shares.
RSU Agreement. Each RSU shall be evidenced by an agreement that shall specify such terms and conditions as our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee shall determine; provided; however, that if the RSU grant has a purchase price, such purchase price must be paid no more than 10 years following the date of grant.
Terms and Conditions of Performance Shares and Units
Grant of Performance Shares. Our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee, subject to the provisions of the 1995 Plan, shall have complete discretion to determine the terms and conditions of Performance Shares and Performance Units granted under the 1995 Plan. The Compensation Committee shall have complete discretion to determine (i) the number of shares of our common stock subject to a Performance Share award granted to any participant, and (ii) the conditions that must be satisfied (typically based principally or solely on achievement of performance milestones, but may include a service-based component) for the grant or vesting of Performance Shares. No participant shall receive Performance Units having an initial value greater than $1,000,000, except that such participant may receive Performance Units in a fiscal year of the Company in which his or her service as a participant first commences with an initial value no greater than $2,000,000.
Performance Share Award Agreement. Each Performance Share grant shall be evidenced by an agreement that shall specify such other terms and conditions as our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee, in its sole discretion, shall determine.
Grant of Performance Units. Performance Units are similar to Performance Shares, except that they shall be settled in cash in an amount equivalent to the fair market value of the underlying shares of common stock, determined as of the vesting date. The shares available for issuance under the 1995 Plan shall not be diminished as a result of the settlement of a Performance Unit.
Performance Unit Award Agreement. Each Performance Unit grant shall be evidenced by an agreement that shall specify such terms and conditions as our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee shall determine. However, no participant shall be granted a Performance Unit award covering more than one million dollars in any of the Company’s fiscal years, except that a newly hired participant may receive a Performance Unit award covering up to two million dollars.

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Terms and Conditions of Deferred Stock Units
Grant of Deferred Stock Units. Deferred Stock Units shall consist of an RSU, Performance Share or Performance Unit Award that the Compensation Committee permits to be paid out in installments or on a deferred basis, in accordance with rules and procedures established by our Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee. Deferred Stock Units are subject to the individual annual limits that apply to each type of awards and the annual limits applicable to underlying awards.
Non-Transferability of Awards
Unless determined otherwise by the Compensation Committee, an award granted under the 1995 Plan may not be sold, pledged, assigned, hypothecated, transferred, or disposed of in any manner other than by will or by the laws of descent or distribution and may be exercised, during the lifetime of the recipient, only by the recipient. If the Compensation Committee makes an award granted under the 1995 Plan transferable, such award shall contain such additional terms and conditions as the Compensation Committee deems appropriate. In no event may an award be transferred to any third party for value, unless separately approved by our stockholders in advance.
Adjustment Upon Changes in Capitalization; Corporate Transactions
Subject to any required action by the stockholders of the Company, in the event that the stock of the Company is changed by reason of any stock split, reverse stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization or other change in the capital structure of the Company, appropriate proportional adjustments shall be made in the number and class of shares of stock subject to the 1995 Plan, the individual fiscal year limits applicable to RSUs, Performance Share awards, SARS and options, the number and class of shares of stock subject to any award outstanding under the 1995 Plan, and the exercise price of any such outstanding option, RSU or other award. Any such adjustment shall be made upon approval of the Compensation Committee, whose determination shall be conclusive. In the event that we are acquired in any merger of the Company with or into another corporation or the sale of substantially all of the assets, each outstanding award granted under the 1995 Plan shall be assumed or an equivalent right substituted by a successor corporation. If such awards granted under the 1995 Plan are not assumed, they become fully vested prior to the closing of such merger or sale of assets.
Amendment, Suspensions and Termination of the 1995 Plan
The Board of Directors may amend, suspend or terminate the 1995 Plan at any time; provided, however, that stockholder approval is required for any amendment to the extent necessary to comply with Rule 16b-3 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Rule 16b-3”) or Section 422 of the Code, or any similar rule or statute.
Federal Tax Information
Options. Options granted under the 1995 Plan may be either “incentive stock options,” as defined in Section 422 of the Code, or nonstatutory options.
An optionee who is granted an incentive stock option will not recognize taxable income either at the time the option is granted or upon its exercise, although the exercise may subject the optionee to alternative minimum tax. Upon the sale or exchange of the shares more than two years after grant of an incentive stock option and one year after exercising the option, any gain or loss will be treated as long-term capital gain or loss. If these holding periods are not satisfied, the optionee will recognize ordinary income at the time of sale or exchange equal to the difference between the exercise price and the lower of (i) the fair market value of the shares at the date of the option exercise, or (ii) the sale price of the shares. A different rule for measuring ordinary income upon such a premature disposition may apply if the optionee is also an officer or director of the Company. Any gain or loss recognized on such a premature disposition of the shares in excess of the amount treated as ordinary income will be characterized as long-term or short-term capital gain or loss, depending on the holding period.
All options that do not qualify as incentive stock options are referred to as nonstatutory options. An optionee will not recognize any taxable income at the time the optionee is granted a nonstatutory option. However, upon the exercise of a nonstatutory option, the optionee will recognize taxable income generally measured as the excess of the then fair market value of the shares purchased over the purchase price. Any taxable income recognized in connection with the exercise of a nonstatutory option by an optionee who is also an employee of the Company will be subject to tax withholding by the Company. Upon resale of such shares by the optionee, any difference between the sale price and the optionee’s purchase price, to the extent not recognized as taxable income as described above, will be treated as long-term or short-term capital gain or loss, depending on the holding period.
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Stock Appreciation Rights. No taxable income is reportable when a stock appreciation right is granted to a participant. Upon exercise, the participant will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the amount of cash received and the fair market value of any shares of common stock received. Any additional gain or loss recognized upon any later disposition of the shares of common stock would be capital gain or loss.
RSU, Performance Units and Performance Shares. A participant will not have taxable income upon grant of RSU, Performance Units or Performance Shares. Instead, he or she will recognize ordinary income at the time of vesting equal to the fair market value (on the vesting date) of the vested shares or cash received, minus any amount paid for the shares of vested common stock.
Tax Effect for the Company. The Company generally will be entitled to a tax deduction in connection with an award under the 1995 Plan in an amount equal to the ordinary income realized by a participant at the time the participant recognizes such income (for example, the exercise of a nonqualified stock option). Special rules limit the deductibility of compensation paid to our CEO and certain other current and former officers of the Company that qualify as “covered employees” within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code (the “Covered Employees”). Under Section 162(m) of the Code, the annual compensation paid to any of these Covered Employees will be deductible only to the extent that it does not exceed $1,000,000.
The foregoing is only a summary of the effect of federal income taxation upon the participant and the Company, does not purport to be complete, and does not discuss the tax consequences of the participant’s death or the income tax laws of any municipality, state or foreign country in which a participant may reside.
Grants to NEOs
The Company is unable to predict the amount of benefits that will be received by, or allocated to, any participant under the 1995 Plan. The table that follows shows the RSUs granted to the Company’s NEOs under the 1995 Plan during 2019.
Plan Benefits: 1995 Stock Plan
Name and Position
Time-based RSUs(1)
Performance-based
RSUs(1)
Total RSUs
Patrick J. Harshman
President & CEO
200,000
200,000
400,000
Sanjay Kalra
Chief Financial Officer
115,000
115,000
Nimrod Ben-Natan
Senior Vice President and General Manager, Cable Access Business
100,000
40,000
140,000
Neven Haltmayer
Senior Vice President, R&D, Video Business
100,000
100,000
Eric Louvet
Senior Vice President, Global Sales and Video Services
75,000
75,000
(1)
See the “Grant of Plan-Based Awards” table on page 41 of this proxy statement for equity award grant dates and footnotes (2)-(4) to the table for vesting and other details of the awards to the Company’s NEOs.
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS VOTING “FOR” THE AMENDMENT TO THE COMPANY’S 1995 PLAN TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SHARES OF COMMON STOCK RESERVED FOR ISSUANCE THEREUNDER BY 4,000,000 SHARES.
 

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PROPOSAL 5:
RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Audit Committee of the Board has appointed Armanino LLP (“Armanino”), an independent registered public accounting firm, to audit the financial statements of the Company for the year ending December 31, 2020. Armanino has served as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm since 2018. Prior to Armanino’s appointment, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”) served as the Company’s independent registered accounting firm.
Stockholder approval is not required for the appointment of Armanino, as the Audit Committee has the responsibility for selecting an independent registered public accounting firm. However, the Board is submitting the selection of Armanino to the stockholders for ratification as a matter of good corporate practice. In the event of a negative vote on the ratification of Armanino, the Audit Committee may reconsider its selection. Representatives of Armanino are expected to be present at the Annual Meeting and will have the opportunity to make a statement if they so desire. The representatives also are expected to be available to respond to appropriate questions from stockholders.
Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm Fees
Aggregate fees for professional services rendered for the Company by Armanino for the years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:
2019
2018
(In thousands)
Audit Fees
$1,361
$1,198
Audit-Related Fees
Tax Fees
3
4
All Other Fees
34
20
Total
$1,398
$1,222
Audit Fees. These amounts represent fees billed for professional services rendered for the audit of our consolidated financial statements and review of interim statements included in quarterly reports and services that are normally provided by Armanino in connection with statutory and regulatory filings or engagements.
Audit-Related Fees. These amounts represent fees billed for assurance and related services by Armanino that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the Company’s financial statements and are not reported under Audit Fees.
Tax Fees. These amounts represent fees billed by an affiliate of Armanino for international tax compliance.
All Other Fees. These amounts represent fees billed by an affiliate of Armanino for reviewing reports provided by our subsidiary in Switzerland to a Swiss financial regulatory authority. Consistent with its charter, the Audit Committee pre-approves all audit and non-audit services from our independent registered public accounting firm and did so in 2019. Pre-approval authority may be delegated by the Audit Committee to the Chair of the Audit Committee.
The Audit Committee considered whether the services provided by Armanino in 2019 were compatible with maintaining the independence of Armanino, and concluded that the independence of Armanino was maintained and was not compromised by the non-audit services provided.
Dismissal of PwC and Hiring of Armanino. On March 26, 2018, the Audit Committee dismissed PwC as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm and hired Armanino as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm. The audit report of PwC on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 did not contain an adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion and was not qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope or accounting principles. During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 and the subsequent interim period through March 26, 2018, (i) there were no disagreements with PwC on any matters of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosures or auditing scope and procedures, which
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disagreements, if not resolved to the satisfaction of PwC, would have caused PwC to make reference thereto in its reports on the financial statements for such years, and (ii) there were no “reportable events” (as that term is defined in Item 304(a)(1)(v) of Regulation S-K promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended).
 
THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS UNANIMOUSLY RECOMMENDS VOTING “FOR” THE RATIFICATION OF THE APPOINTMENT OF ARMANINO LLP AS THE COMPANY’S INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2020.
 
Audit Committee Report
In accordance with a written charter adopted by Harmonic’s Board of Directors and posted on the Company’s website at www.harmonicinc.com, the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors serves as the representative of the Board of Directors for general oversight of the quality and integrity of the Company’s financial accounting and reporting process, system of internal control over financial reporting, audit process, and process for monitoring compliance with related laws and regulations. The Audit Committee engages the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm and approves the scope of both audit and non-audit services. Harmonic’s management has primary responsibility for preparing financial statements and the financial reporting process.
Armanino LLP, Harmonic’s independent registered public accounting firm for the year ended December 31, 2019, was responsible for performing an independent audit of the Company’s consolidated financial statements and internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the standards set by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) and to issue reports thereon.
The Audit Committee has:
1.
Reviewed and discussed the audited consolidated financial statements and certifications thereof with Company management and Armanino LLP and management has represented to the Audit Committee that Harmonic’s consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States;
2.
Discussed with Armanino LLP the matters required to be discussed by the applicable requirements of the PCAOB, including discussion of the quality and acceptability of Harmonic’s financial reporting process and controls, and the SEC; and
3.
Received the written disclosures and letter from Armanino LLP required by applicable requirements of the PCAOB regarding Armanino LLP’s communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence, discussed with Armanino LLP its independence, and considered whether the provision of the non-audit services described above was compatible with maintaining their independence.
The Audit Committee meets regularly with the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, with and without management present, to discuss the results of their examinations, the evaluations of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, and the overall quality of the Company’s adherence to applicable accounting principles and practices.
In performing all of these functions, the Audit Committee acts only in an oversight capacity and necessarily relies on the work and assurances of Harmonic’s management, which has primary responsibility for preparing financial statements and the financial reporting process, and the independent registered public accounting firm, which, in their report, expresses an opinion on the conformity of Harmonic’s annual consolidated financial statements to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting in accordance with the standards set by the PCAOB. In reliance on the reviews and discussions referred to in this report, and in light of its role and responsibilities, the Audit Committee recommended to the Board of Directors, and the Board of Directors has approved, that the audited financial statements of Harmonic for the three years ended December 31, 2019 be included for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
The Audit Committee
Nikos Theodosopoulos
Deborah Clifford
Susan Swenson

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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
The following sets forth certain information regarding the executive officers of Harmonic as of April 1, 2020.
Name
Age
Position
Patrick J. Harshman
55
President and Chief Executive Officer
​Sanjay Kalra
47
Chief Financial Officer
Nimrod Ben-Natan
52
Senior Vice President and General Manager, Cable Access Business
​Neven Haltmayer
​55
Senior Vice President, Video R&D
​Eric Louvet
48
Senior Vice President, Global Sales and Video Services
Patrick J. Harshman joined Harmonic in 1993 and was appointed President and CEO and as a member of our board of directors in May 2006. Prior to 2006, he held several executive leadership positions for Harmonic, including management of marketing, international sales, product management, and research and development functions. Mr. Harshman earned a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and completed an Executive Management Program at Stanford University.
Sanjay Kalra joined Harmonic in October 2016 as Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer and was appointed Chief Financial Officer in June 2017. Prior to Harmonic, from June 2013 to October 2016, Mr. Kalra served as a Corporate Controller at TiVo, Inc. From September 2012 to June 2013, he served as Vice President and Corporate Controller at Model N, Inc., and prior to that, from February 2007 to September 2012, he served in various finance positions including Corporate Controller at Silicon Image. Mr. Kalra began his career in public accounting at Ernst & Young LLP, from February 1998 to February 2007. He holds a B. Com. in Commerce and Accounting from CCS University, India, is a Chartered Accountant from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and is a Certified Public Accountant.
Nimrod Ben-Natan joined Harmonic in 1997, was named Vice President of Product Marketing, Solutions and Strategy in 2007, and was appointed Senior Vice President and General Manager, Cable Products in June 2012. From 1993 to 1997, Mr. Ben-Natan served as an Embedded Software Engineer at Orckit Communications Ltd., a digital subscriber line developer. Previously, he worked on wireless communications systems while he was with the Israeli Defense Signal Corps from 1988 to 1993. Mr. Ben-Natan holds a B.A. in Computer Science from Tel Aviv University.
Neven Haltmayer joined Harmonic in 2002, and was appointed Senior Vice President, Research and Development in March 2011. Prior to this, Mr. Haltmayer served as Vice President, Research and Development from 2005. From 2002 to 2005, Mr. Haltmayer was Director of Engineering of Compression Systems and managed the development of Harmonic’s MPEG-2 and MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 encoder and Electra product lines. Between 2001 and 2002, Mr. Haltmayer held various key positions at Canal Plus Technologies, a set-top decoder technology company, including Vice President of Engineering, and was responsible for system integration and development of set top box middleware and interactive applications. Mr. Haltmayer holds a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Zagreb, Croatia.
Eric Louvet joined Harmonic in February 2016 through the acquisition of Thomson Video Networks (TVN) as Vice President, North America and APAC Sales, and was appointed Senior Vice President, Global Sales and Video Services, in February 2019. From January 2010 to February 2016, Mr. Louvet served as the Vice President of Worldwide Sales and Services at TVN, a provider of advanced video compression solutions, which was spun-out of Technicolor SA (formerly Thomson SA) in 2011. From September 1996 to December 2009, he served in various sales management roles of increasing scope and responsibility with the broadcast and video technology businesses of Technicolor SA, an electronics and technology company, including several international assignments. Mr. Louvet holds an MBA from the Aalto University School of Business and a Masters in Management from the Rennes School of Management.
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COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
Compensation Philosophy and Programs
The Company’s executive compensation programs are designed to attract, motivate and retain executives who will contribute significantly to the long-term success of the Company and the enhancement of stockholder value. Consistent with this philosophy, the following goals provide a framework for our executive compensation program:
provide a competitive total compensation package to attract, retain and motivate executives who must operate in a demanding and rapidly changing business environment;
relate total compensation for each executive, consisting of base salary, annual cash bonus and equity awards, to overall Company performance and, in the case of base salary and equity awards, to individual performance;
tie incentive bonus compensation to the Company’s achievement of objective performance parameters;
reflect competitive market requirements and strategic business needs in determining the appropriate mix of cash and non-cash compensation and short-term (base salary and annual cash bonus) and long-term compensation (equity awards);
put at risk a significant portion of each executive’s total target compensation, with the intent to reward superior performance by the Company; and
align the interests of our executives with those of our stockholders.
At our 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, we held a stockholder advisory vote on the compensation of our NEOs, commonly referred to as a “say-on-pay vote.” Our stockholders approved the compensation of our NEOs, with approximately 98% of stockholder votes cast voting in favor of the say-on-pay proposal. As we evaluated our compensation practices and talent needs throughout 2019, we were mindful of the support our stockholders expressed for our philosophy of linking compensation to our financial goals and in support of enhancing stockholder value. As a result, the Compensation Committee decided to retain our general approach with respect to our executive compensation programs, with an emphasis on delivering long-term and short-term incentive compensation that rewards our executives commensurate with the value they deliver to our stockholders.
Role of the Compensation Committee
The Compensation Committee is responsible for approval of the Company’s executive compensation policies, compensation paid to executive officers, and administration of the Company’s equity ownership plans. The Compensation Committee currently consists of Ms. Reaugh and Messrs. Gallagher and Krall, none of whom is an employee of the Company, and each of whom is independent under applicable NASDAQ listing standards and Section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). The charter of the Compensation Committee was adopted by the Board of Directors, and is posted on Harmonic’s website at www.harmonicinc.com.
Role of the Compensation Consultant
The Compensation Committee has retained the services of Compensia, Inc. (“Compensia”), an independent compensation consulting firm, to assist the Compensation Committee in the evaluation of appropriate cash and equity compensation for executive management and the Board. Compensia provides no other services to the Company. Compensia makes recommendations to the Compensation Committee on the design and implementation of compensation plans, assists in determining the appropriate number of shares to be used for equity awards granted under the Company’s equity plans, reviews market and other data and recommendations provided by management, and also reviews specific compensation proposals for each of the Company’s NEOs. Compensia attends all or part of certain Compensation Committee meetings, as requested by the Compensation Committee.
In 2019, the Compensation Committee considered and assessed all relevant factors, including those set forth in Rule 10C-1(b)(4)(i) through (vi) under the Exchange Act, that could give rise to a potential conflict of interest with respect to Compensia’s work. Based on this review, we are not aware of any conflict of interest that has been raised by the work performed by Compensia.

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Role of Management
Our CEO, assisted by our General Counsel and Senior Vice President, Human Resources, works with the Compensation Committee to establish meeting agendas. The CEO makes recommendations to the Compensation Committee with respect to the compensation of other members of executive management and the design and implementation of incentive compensation programs for NEOs. For 2019 executive compensation, these recommendations were developed with the assistance of Compensia. The Compensation Committee considers the recommendations of management, but is not bound by such recommendations. The CEO does not make recommendations to the Compensation Committee with respect to his own compensation and no member of management is present at any portion of Compensation Committee meetings when his or her compensation is deliberated or decisions are made.
Management of Risk Arising from Incentive Compensation Policies
The Compensation Committee has considered whether the Company’s overall compensation program for employees creates incentives for employees to take excessive or unreasonable risks that could materially harm the Company. The Committee believes that our incentive plans are typical for our industry and market competitive, and that risks arising from our compensation policies and practices for our employees are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. Several features of our compensation policies for management employees appropriately mitigate such risks, including a mix of long-term and short-term compensation incentives that we believe are properly weighted, the uniformity of compensation policies across the Company, caps on payments from the plans and the use of our business plan, which the Compensation Committee believes sets an appropriate level of risk for the Company, as a baseline for our incentive bonus plan targets. We also believe the Company’s internal legal and financial controls, as well as the Clawback Policy described on page 39 of this Proxy Statement, appropriately mitigate the probability and potential impact of an individual employee committing the Company to inappropriate transactions in exchange for short-term compensation benefits.
Elements of Compensation
In order to achieve the above goals, our total compensation packages include base salary and annual bonus paid in cash, as well as long-term equity compensation, all as described in greater detail below. We also make available benefit plans to our executive officers which are generally provided to all regular full-time employees of Harmonic. We believe that appropriately balancing the total compensation package and ensuring a significant portion of the package is incentive-based is necessary in order to provide market-competitive compensation. We focus on ensuring that the balance of the various components of our compensation program is optimized to motivate executives to improve our results on a cost-effective basis. The factors which are used to determine individual compensation packages are generally similar for each NEO, including our CEO.
In order to assess our compensation competitiveness against peer companies in 2019, the Compensation Committee, with input from Compensia, approved a compensation peer group in 2018, which included 17 companies. These peer companies were selected primarily from the telecommunications, video services technology and software industries based principally on revenue and market capitalization data that placed Harmonic approximately in the middle of the range, as well as on such companies' proximity to Silicon Valley, which is the location of the Company’s headquarters.
Data prepared by Compensia for the compensation peer group was used as a reference point by the Compensation Committee for making decisions regarding 2019 cash and equity compensation and for the design and implementation of compensation packages and for specific proposals related to the individual elements and total compensation packages for other NEOs, as well as for other employees.
The approved peer group for 2019 consisted of the following companies:
A10 Networks
Extreme Networks
ADTRAN
Internap
Avid Technology
NeoPhotonics
Brightcove Inc.
QAD
CalAMP
Quantenna Communications
Calix
Ribbon Communications
Casa Systems
TESSCO Technologies
DASAN Zhone Solution
Universal Electronics
Digi International
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Base Salary
Base salaries for NEOs, including that of the CEO, are set according to the responsibilities of the position, the specific skills and experience of the individual and the competitive market for executive talent. The Compensation Committee reviews salaries annually and adjusts them as appropriate to reflect changes in market conditions, individual performance and responsibilities, and the Company’s financial position. The aggregate value of our total cash compensation (base salary and targeted bonus) for NEOs is generally targeted at approximately between the 50th and 60th percentile of executive compensation of the compensation peer group, depending on position, with the intent that superior performance under incentive bonus plans would enable the executive to elevate total cash compensation to levels that are above the average of comparable companies.
Following a review of the above factors and the data for the 2019 compensation peer group, the Compensation Committee believed it was necessary and appropriate to increase the base salaries of each of the NEOs as set forth in the table below to remain market competitive and reward the NEOs for their contributions to the Company’s business:
Name
2018 Base Salary
Increase to 2018
Base Salary
2019 Base Salary
Patrick Harshman
$514,500
3%
$529,935
​Sanjay Kalra
$320,000
12%
$357,000
Nimrod Ben-Natan(1)
$336,835
3%
$346,940
​Neven Haltmayer
$329,321
3%
$339,201
Eric Louvet
$250,000
5%
$262,500
(1)
The base salary amount for Mr. Ben-Natan has been converted from Israeli Shekel.
Incentive Bonus Plans
The Company’s annual incentive bonus plans in which NEOs participate reflect the Compensation Committee’s belief that a meaningful component of executive compensation should be contingent on the Company achieving performance targets, thereby introducing a significant element of “pay for performance” and appropriate incentives to produce superior results. Each NEO participated in one annual incentive bonus plan in 2019, as discussed below.
The 2019 annual base salary, bonus target opportunity and applicable 2019 incentive bonus plan for each of the NEOs is set forth below:
Name
2019 Base Salary
Target Annual Bonus
as % of Base Salary
Applicable 2019 Incentive
Bonus Plan
Patrick Harshman
$529,935
125%
Corporate Bonus Plan
​Sanjay Kalra
$357,000
60%
Corporate Bonus Plan
Nimrod Ben-Natan(1)
$346,940
60%
Cable Bonus Plan
​Neven Haltmayer
$339,201
60%
Video Bonus Plan
Eric Louvet
$262,500
100%
Corporate Bonus Plan
(1)
The base salary amount for Mr. Ben-Natan has been converted from Israeli Shekel.
For 2019, the Compensation Committee agreed to incentivize performance based on half-year targets under three incentive bonus plans. The Compensation Committee established the targets for the first half of 2019 (“H1”) in February 2019 and the targets for the second half of 2019 (“H2”) in July 2019. In addition, when establishing the H2 targets for the Cable Bonus Plan, the Compensation Committee replaced the strategic objectives that were fulfilled in H1 with a new Cable business gross profit metric.
Corporate Bonus Plan
Weight
H1 Targets
(in millions)
H2 Targets
(in millions)
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
60%
$99.7
$133.2
Cable Access business revenue
15%
$36.7
$82.4
New Video SaaS bookings
15%
$8.5
$8.0
Non-GAAP functional spending(1)
10%
$138.4
$138.6
(1)
Amounts shown are total Company spending targets, which were applicable to Mr. Harshman. The targets applicable to Messrs. Kalra and Louvet were components of the total Company spending targets.

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Video Bonus Plan
Weight
H1 Targets
(in millions)
H2 Targets
(in millions)
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
20%
$99.7
$133.2
Non-GAAP Video business gross profit
40%
$84.4
$ 89.6
New Video SaaS bookings
30%
$8.5
$  8.0
Non-GAAP functional spending(1)
10%
$30.7
$ 29.9
(1)
Amounts shown are the spending targets for only Mr. Haltmayer’s function.
Cable Bonus Plan – H1
Weight
H1 Targets
(in millions, except for strategic objectives)
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
20%
$99.7
Cable Access business revenue
40%
$36.7
Strategic objective 1
15%
Targeted node deployments with a key customer
Strategic objective 2
15%
Achieve field trial milestone with a key customer
Non-GAAP functional spending
10%
$19.8
Cable Bonus Plan – H2
Weight
H2 Targets
(in millions)
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
20%
$133.2
Cable Access business revenue
40%
$ 82.4
Non-GAAP Cable Access gross profit
30%
$ 43.7
Non-GAAP functional spending
10%
$ 20.4
The Compensation Committee approved these bonus plans and bonus plan components to focus the NEOs and other incentive plan participants on improved profitability, growing the Cable Access and Video SaaS businesses, and spending and expense management. The Compensation Committee believed that the targets for the bonus plans were challenging but achievable, based on its review of the Company’s operating plan for 2019, the experience of the members of the Compensation Committee with respect to the Company’s historical performance and the business and industry outlook.
H1 payout thresholds and payout caps applicable to Bonus Plans
The Compensation Committee established minimum thresholds that had to be met in order for any H1 payouts to be made under the 2019 incentive bonus plans, as well as maximum payout caps for each component of the incentive bonus plans, as set forth in the tables below:
Company Gross Profit
Video Bus Gross Profit
New SaaS Bookings
Functional Spending
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
87%
0%
90%
0%
70%
0%
90%
125%
93%
50%
95%
50%
85%
50%
95%
110%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
110%
175%
110%
175%
110%
175%
105%
25%
115%
200%
115%
200%
115%
200%
>105%
0%
Cable Access Revenue
​Strategic Objective 1
​Strategic Objective 2
Achievement
Payout
Node deployments
Payout
Achieve Milestone
Payout
70%
0%
<75%
0%
No
0%
85%
50%
75%
50%
Yes
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
110%
175%
≥150%
200%
115%
200%
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H2 payout thresholds and payout caps applicable to Bonus Plans
The Compensation Committee established minimum thresholds that had to be met in order for any H2 payouts to be made under the 2019 incentive bonus plans, as well as maximum payout caps for each component of the incentive bonus plans, as set forth in the tables below:
Company Gross Profit
Video Bus Gross Profit
New SaaS Bookings
Functional Spending
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
80%
0%
75%
0%
70%
0%
90%
125%
90%
50%
85%
50%
80%
50%
95%
110%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
100%
110%
200%
110%
200%
110%
200%
105%
25%
>105%
0%
Cable Access Revenue
Cable Access Gross Profit
Achievement
Payout
Achievement
Payout
70%
0%
80%
0%
85%
50%
90%
50%
100%
100%
100%
100%
110%
200%
110%
200%
For performance between achievement levels, payouts for the applicable bonus plan component would be determined by straight-line interpolation. Any payout for overachievement (i.e., > 100%) of an H1 bonus plan component would be deferred until after year-end 2019.
Achievement
The tables below set forth the achieved payouts under each of the components of the Bonus Plans for H1 and H2, and the resulting earned payout to each of the NEOs under their applicable Bonus Plan, as a percentage of the NEO’s target bonus opportunity in H1 and H2. All amounts earned by the NEOs under the Bonus Plans were paid in cash. The table below reflects the exercise of the Compensation Committee’s discretion to recognize $1.1 million in additional H1 Cable Access business revenue for purposes of determining H1 achievement under the Corporate Bonus Plan and the Cable Bonus Plan that was incorporated into a multi-year enterprise license with a key customer executed at the beginning of H2. Due to the successful execution of the enterprise license, the Compensation Committee also exercised discretion to deem Strategic Objective 1 under the Cable Bonus Plan 100% achieved. Absent these exercises of discretion, H1 Cable Access business revenue would have been achieved at 71.4% and Strategic Objective 1 would have been achieved at 50%.
Corporate Bonus Plan
Weight
H1 Achievement
H1 Payout
H2 Achievement
H2 Payout
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
​60%
90.5%
29.4%
106.3%
162.5%
Cable Access business revenue
15%
74.4%
14.8%
119.8%
200%
New Video SaaS bookings
15%
72.2%
7.4%
47.6%
0%
Non-GAAP functional spending
10%
87.9 - 92.6%
117.5 -125%
92.2 – 95%
110 – 118.3%
Mr. Harshman earned payout as % of H1 or H2 target bonus:
32.7%
138.5%
Mr. Kalra earned payout as % of H1 or H2 target bonus:
33.5%
139.3%
Mr. Louvet earned payout as % of H1 or H2 target bonus:
33.4%
139.3%

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Video Bonus Plan
Weight
H1 Achievement
H1 Payout
H2 Achievement
H2 Payout
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
​20%
90.5%
29.4%
106.3%
162.5%
Non-GAAP Video business gross profit
40%
94.8%
47.9%
91.6%
72.1%
New Video SaaS bookings
30%
72.2%
7.4%
47.6%
0%
Non-GAAP functional spending
10%
96.6%
106.9%
96.6%
106.8%
Mr. Haltmayer earned payout as % of H1 or H2 target bonus:
38.0%
72%
Cable Bonus Plan – H1
Weight
H1 Achievement
H1 Payout
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
​20%
90.5%
29.4%
Cable Access business revenue
40%
74.4%
14.8%
Strategic objective 1
15%
100%
100%
Strategic objective 2
15%
0%
0%
Non-GAAP functional spending
10%
96.2%
107.6%
Mr. Ben-Natan earned payout as % of H1 target bonus:
37.6%
Cable Bonus Plan – H2
Weight
H2 Achievement
H2 Payout
Non-GAAP Company gross profit
20%
106.3%
162.5%
Cable Access business revenue
40%
119.8%
200%
Non-GAAP Cable Access gross profit
30%
136%
200%
Non-GAAP functional spending
10%
106.9%
0%
Mr. Ben-Natan earned payout as % of H2 target bonus:
172.5%
Equity Compensation Plans
The Compensation Committee believes that equity compensation plans are an essential tool to link the long-term interests of stockholders and employees, especially the CEO and executive management, and serve to motivate employees, and particularly executive management, to make decisions that will, in the long run, deliver the best returns to stockholders, thus rewarding excellent long-term performance. From 2009 to 2017, stock options and RSUs were granted to Company executives, including NEOs, when they joined the Company, and on an annual basis thereafter. Since 2017, the Compensation Committee has granted the Company’s NEOs and other executives a combination of time-based and performance-based RSUs, and has not granted any stock options.
In 2019, in light of a trend among the Company’s peer group as well as similarly situated publicly-listed technology companies favoring full-value awards, the Compensation Committee decided to continue to focus on granting time-based vesting RSUs and, in select cases, performance-based vesting RSUs to NEOs and executives rather than stock option awards. The Compensation Committee may employ stock option grants in the future, in combination with RSUs and/or performance-based RSUs.
Time-based Vesting RSUs. The 2019 timed-based RSUs granted to executives and NEOs vest over 3 years subject to their continued service.
TSR Award. In 2019, Mr. Harshman was also awarded RSUs covering a target number of shares of 200,000, with vesting based on the total stockholder return (TSR) to holders of Company common stock during the three-year performance period compared to the TSR of companies in the NASDAQ Telecommunication Index or any successor to that index (the “Index”) at both the beginning and end of the three-year performance period (the “TSR Award”). The three-year performance period runs from February 15, 2019 through February 14, 2022. The beginning price and ending price of the Company and each company in the Index is calculated based on the average trading price over 90 consecutive trading days, as adjusted to reflect dividends reinvested on each ex-dividend date during the applicable period (or, in the case of the ending price, the full performance period). 100% of the target number of RSUs will vest if the Company’s TSR is equal to the Index TSR during the performance period. For each 1% that the Company TSR exceeds the Index TSR during the
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performance period, the percentage of the target number of RSUs that vest increases by 2%, from 100% up to a maximum of 150% (although this percentage is capped at 100% if the Company TSR is negative during the performance period). For each 1% that the Company TSR is less than the Index TSR, the percentage of the target number of RSUs that vest will decrease by 2%, from 100% down to a minimum of 50%. If the Company TSR is less than the Index TSR by 50% or more, no RSUs under the TSR Award will vest. Vesting is contingent upon Mr. Harshman remaining in service with us through the applicable vesting date. In the event of “change in control” before the end of the performance period, performance will be measured by comparing the price being paid for a share of the Company’s common stock in such change in control to the TSR of the Index as of the day prior to the change in control, each as adjusted for dividends during the performance period. Any earned RSUs as a result of performance achievement described in the previous sentence will vest as follows: a pro-rated amount of such earned RSUs will vest on the change in control based on the number of months served during the performance period and the remaining earned portion of the award will vest quarterly through the end of the original three-year performance period, subject to continued service, and further subject to any vesting acceleration under his change of control severance agreement. See “Change-of-Control Agreements” section below.
Performance-based RSU Award. In 2019, Mr. Ben-Natan was also awarded 40,000 performance-based RSUs (“PRSU”) with vesting conditioned upon the Cable Access business achieving 100% or more of a 2019 revenue target. In February 2020, the Compensation Committee determined that while the Cable Access business achieved 97% of the 2019 revenue target, and the vesting condition for Mr. Ben-Natan’s PRSU was therefore not met, the Cable Access business overachieved its 2019 gross profit target by approximately 6%. The Compensation Committee exercised its discretion and deemed Mr. Ben-Natan’s PRSU 100% vested.
Upon vesting, shares are immediately issued and there are no additional time- or service-based conditions associated with the TSR Award or performance-based RSUs, other than the CEO stock ownership guidelines applicable to Mr. Harshman as further described below under “Stock Ownership Guidelines”. The Compensation Committee believes the TSR Award and performance-based RSUs appropriately incentivizes Messrs. Harshman and Ben-Natan and directly aligns management’s and the stockholders’ interests.
Equity Award Determinations. Consistent with past practice, the total equity pool for annual grants to be made to all employees in 2019, including NEOs, was determined principally by reference to industry-specific guidelines published by shareholder advisory firms and, in part, by historic practice. The guidelines generally refer to metrics such as total annual awards as a percentage of shares outstanding and total outstanding awards as a percentage of fully diluted shares. The Compensation Committee, in consultation with the Company’s CEO (except with respect to the CEO’s own compensation), determines the size and material terms of equity awards granted to the NEOs, taking into account the role and responsibility of the NEO, competitive factors including competition for technology executives; peer group data compiled by the Compensation Committee’s compensation consultant, the size and value of long-term equity compensation already held by each executive officer and the vested percentage; the proportion between RSUs, performance-based RSUs and stock options held by each NEO; the total target cash compensation opportunity for each NEO; and individual performance and retention objectives.
Equity Compensation Grant Practices
The Compensation Committee approves all equity grants, except for certain grants made to non-executive employees in the ordinary course of business, for which it has delegated authority to the CEO, within parameters approved in advance by the Compensation Committee, pursuant to an employee equity issuance policy (the “Employee Equity Issuance Policy”). The Compensation Committee reviews all grants made pursuant to the Employee Equity Issuance Policy. Initial hire grants of RSUs are made on the second Friday of each month, and any other grants made by the CEO pursuant to authority granted by the Compensation Committee are made on the Friday of the week of such grant. Stock options, if issued, are granted at 100% of the closing price of our stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market on the date of grant.
Initial hire grants that are for executives reporting to the CEO or grants that are above the CEO’s approved range are approved by the Compensation Committee, with the grant date being the day of approval by the Compensation Committee or a later date selected by the Compensation Committee and, if in the form of a stock option, the exercise price being the closing price of the stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market on the grant date. The initial grants are effective as of the date of grant, with vesting generally beginning on the date of commencement of employment. Annual grants to NEOs and executives are usually made in the first half of the year, and, in 2019, these grants were made in February. This timing enables management and the Compensation Committee to consider performance by both the Company and the individual and balance it against our expectations for the current year.
We do not time the granting of RSUs or stock options with any favorable or unfavorable news released by the Company. The timing of initial grants is driven by the date of hire of our new employees. The Board of Directors and Compensation Committee meeting schedules, for review and approval of annual grants, are usually established several months in advance for the calendar year. Proximity of any awards to an earnings announcement or other market events is coincidental.

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Retirement Benefits
The Company does not provide pension benefits or deferred compensation plans to any of its U.S. employees, including NEOs, other than a 401(k) deferred compensation plan which is open to all regular, full-time U.S. employees. The Company has a matching contribution policy for the 401(k) plan, of up to $1,000 a year for each participant, for 2019. For employees resident in foreign jurisdictions, the Company makes required contributions to statutory pension and retirement schemes and, in a few countries, offers supplemental pension benefits in accordance with customary market practices.
Other Compensation
Other elements of compensation available to the Company's NEOs include life and long-term disability insurance and health benefits. These benefits are available to all regular, full-time U.S. employees of the Company on the same basis, and similar benefits are provided to most employees in other countries. In addition, the Company may provide for relocation expenses to recruit key executives living outside the San Francisco Bay Area. Management periodically reviews the level of benefits provided to all employees and adjusts those levels as appropriate. The value of the benefits received by the Company’s NEOs pursuant to these other elements of compensation in 2017, 2018 and 2019 are included in the “All Other Compensation” column in the Summary Compensation Table on page 40 of this proxy statement.
Change-of-Control Agreements
The Company does not have employment agreements with any of its present NEOs. However, as a historical practice, it has generally provided change of control severance agreements to its NEOs and certain other executives. These agreements are designed to incentivize continuing service to the Company by NEOs in the event that the Company may be in discussions regarding strategic transactions and to provide short-term benefits in the event that a NEO’s position is eliminated or responsibilities or compensation are reduced following a change of control.
Under the terms of the current NEO’s current change of control severance agreements, in the event of termination of the NEO other than for cause (as defined in the relevant change of control severance agreement) within 18 months following a change in control of the Company, the NEO will be entitled to certain payments described below.
Mr. Harshman, the Company’s President and CEO, will receive, subject to the execution of a standard release, (i) a lump-sum payment of twice his annual salary; (ii) an amount equal to the greater of (x) 200% of his then annual target bonus or (y) 200% of the average of the actual bonus paid to him in each of the two prior years; and (iii) a continuation of his health, dental, and life insurance benefits for up to one year after termination of employment. Mr. Harshman’s agreement also provides for out-placement assistance and the full acceleration of unvested stock options and any restricted stock awards held by him in the event of such termination, subject to certain limitations.
Each of the other NEOs will receive, subject to the execution of a standard release, (i) a lump-sum payment of one year’s salary; (ii) an amount equal to the greater of (x) 100% of the NEO’s then annual target bonus or (y) the average of the actual bonus paid to the NEO in each of the two prior years; and (iii) a continuation of the NEO’s health, dental and life insurance benefits for up to one year after termination of employment. These agreements also provide for out-placement assistance and the full acceleration of unvested stock options and any restricted stock awards held by the respective NEO in the event of such termination, subject to certain limitations.
In addition, Mr. Harshman’s 2019 TSR Award is subject to special treatment on a change of control. See “Equity Compensation Plans – TSR Award” above.
Stock Ownership Guidelines and Hedging Policy
The Company has adopted stock ownership guidelines applicable to its CEO, requiring the CEO to hold any shares issued, after withholding of shares for taxes resulting from the exercise of vested stock options granted in 2017 or later or settlement of vested RSUs granted in 2017 or later, for at least 36 months from the date of RSU settlement or stock option exercise, subject to release from these requirements upon his separation from service with the Company.
Under our Insider Trading Policy, we prohibit our employees, including officers, and members of the Board of Directors from hedging the risk associated with ownership of shares of our common stock.
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Financial Restatements and Clawback Policy
The Company has never restated its financial statements. The Compensation Committee has adopted a Clawback Policy pursuant to which we may seek the recovery of incentive compensation, including equity compensation, paid by the Company to our executive officers. The Clawback Policy provides that if (i) the Company restates its financial statements as a result of a material error; (ii) the amount of incentive compensation that was paid or is payable based on achievement of specific financial results paid would have been less if the financial statements had been correct; (iii) no more than two years have elapsed since the original filing date of the financial statements upon which the incentive compensation was determined; and (iv) the Compensation Committee unanimously concludes, in its sole discretion, that fraud or intentional misconduct by any executive officer(s) caused the material error and it would be in the best interests of the Company to seek from such participant(s) recovery of the excess compensation, then the Compensation Committee may, in its sole discretion, seek from such executive officer(s) repayment to the Company of the applicable incentive compensation.
Section 162(m)
We have considered the potential future effects of Section 162(m) of the Code on the compensation paid to our NEOs. Section 162(m) disallows a tax deduction for any publicly held corporation for individual compensation exceeding $1.0 million in any taxable year for our CEO and certain other current and former officers of the Company.
While the Compensation Committee considers the deductibility of compensation as a factor in making compensation decisions, the Compensation Committee retains the flexibility to provide compensation that is consistent with our goals for our executive compensation program even if such compensation is not fully tax deductible. The Compensation Committee may make decisions that result in compensation that is not fully deductible under Section 162(m) of the Code.
Compensation Committee Report
The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed with management the Compensation Discussion and Analysis contained in this Proxy Statement. Based on the Compensation Committee’s review of, and the discussions with management with respect to, the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, our Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Proxy Statement.
The Compensation Committee
Mitzi Reaugh
Patrick Gallagher
David Krall
The information contained above under the captions “Report of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors” and “Report of the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors on Executive Compensation” shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or to be “filed” with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates it by reference to such filing.

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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
Summary Compensation Table
The following Summary Compensation Table sets forth summary information concerning the compensation earned by our NEOs, including Patrick J. Harshman, our President and CEO; Sanjay Kalra, our Chief Financial Officer and the three other most highly compensated executive officers of the Company in 2019, in each case for services to our Company, in all capacities, during the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017.
Name & Principal Position
Year
Salary
Bonus
Stock
Awards(1)
Option
Awards
Non-Equity
Incentive Plan
Compensation(2)
All Other
Compensation(3)
Total
Patrick J. Harshman,
President and CEO
2019
$ 529,935
$
$ 2,252,000
​—
$   567,094
$    26,021
$ 3,375,050
2018
514,500
1,064,200
739,551
24,823
2,343,074
2017
514,500
1,937,901
24,544
2,476,945
Sanjay Kalra(4)
Chief Financial Officer
2019
357,000